Fd&C Yellow No. 6 (Ci 15985)
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around the eyes due to increased risk of absorption.
- Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.
IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem
Other ConcernsUse restrictions (high), Neurotoxicity (low), Endocrine disruption (low), and Contamination concerns (high)
SYNONYMS2-NAPHTHALENESULFONIC ACID, 6-HYDROXY-5-[(4-SULFOPHENYL)AZO]-, DISODIUM SALT, 2NAPHTHALENESULFONIC ACID, 6HYDROXY5[(4SULFOPHENYL)AZO], DISODIUM SALT, 6-HYDROXY-5-[(4-SULFOPHENYL)AZO]- DISODIUM SALT 2-NAPHTHALENESULFONIC ACID, 6-HYDROXY-5-[(4-SULFOPHENYL)AZO]-2-NAPHTHALENESULFONIC ACID, DISODIUM SALT, CI 15985, D&C YELLOW 6, DISODIUM 6-HYDROXY-5-[(4-SULPHONATOPHENYL)AZO]NAPHTHALENE-2-SULPHONATE, DISODIUM SALT 2-NAPHTHALENESULFONIC ACID, 6-HYDROXY-5-[(4-SULFOPHENYL)AZO]-, DISODIUM SALT 6-HYDROXY-5-[(4-SULFOPHENYL)AZO]-2-NAPHTHALENESULFONIC ACID, DISODIUM SALT FOOD YELLOW 3, FD&C YELLOW 6, FD&C YELLOW NO. 6, FD&C YELLOW NO. 6 (CI 15985), FOOD YELLOW 3, DISODIUM SALT, SUNSET YELLOW FCF, and YELLOW 6
Restricted - Unaccpetable
The score of this ingredient can vary from Restricted to Unacceptable based on the method of product consumption. For instance, when used in aerosol-based products, this ingredient may pose a risk to respiratory health, leading to a higher score
Click here for more information about ingredient scores
FD&C Yellow 6 is a synthetic dye produced from petroleum; this dye is FDA-approved for use in food, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
MODERATEAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|eye liner||69 products|
|body wash/cleanser||40 products|
|bar soap||39 products|
|nail polish||37 products|
|liquid hand soap||34 products|
|lip gloss||29 products|
|sunless tanning||27 products|
|lip balm with SPF||26 products|
|lip balm||26 products|
|fragrance for women||26 products|
|facial cleanser||16 products|
|hair treatment/serum||16 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||16 products|
|hair styling aide||14 products|
|styling gel/lotion||12 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||12 products|
|fragrance for men||11 products|
|body oil||10 products|
|hair color and bleaching||9 products|
|serums & essences||9 products|
|eye shadow||8 products|
|lip plumper||8 products|
|daily use with SPF||4 products|
|facial powder||4 products|
|brow liner||4 products|
|makeup primer||4 products|
|bubble bath||3 products|
|body spray||3 products|
|foot moisturizer||3 products|
|around-eye cream||3 products|
|hand cream||3 products|
|setting powder/spray||3 products|
|baby shampoo||3 products|
|body firming lotion||2 products|
|after sun product||2 products|
|after shave||2 products|
|recreational sunscreen||1 products|
|shaving cream||1 products|
|makeup remover||1 products|
|hair relaxer||1 products|
|baby lotion||1 products|
|nail treatment||1 products|
|baby soap||1 products|
|hair spray||1 products|
|lip liner||1 products|
|hand sanitizer||1 products|
|Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Color additive not approved by FDA for cosmetics used around eyes||FDA Color Additive Status|
|Human any toxicant or allergen - moderate evidence||Open scientific literature|
|One or more human case studies show possible any or allergenic effects||Open scientific literature|
|One or more human case studies show possible any effects||Open scientific literature|
|Classified as possibly toxic to reproduction or development||Open scientific literature|
|One or more animal studies show any effects at high doses||Open scientific literature|
|One or more studies show weak endocrine disruption||Open scientific literature|
|Associated with endocrine disruption||Open scientific literature|
|Mutagen - limited evidence||Open scientific literature|
|Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gaps||Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens|
|Not likely to be carcinogenic in humans||Open scientific literature|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|349 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics||FDA Color Additive Status|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration||CTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook|
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.