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Data: None

Fd&C Yellow 5 (Ci 19140) Aluminum Lake

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.

Other Concerns

Use restrictions (low), Neurotoxicity (moderate), Endocrine disruption (low), Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Contamination concerns (high)

SYNONYMS

D&C YELLOW 5 AL LAKE, D&C YELLOW 5 ALUMINUM LAKE, D&C YELLOW 5 ZR LAKE, D&C YELLOW NO. 5 AL LAKE, D&C YELLOW NO. 5 ALUMINUM LAKE, D&C YELLOW NO. 5 ZIRCONIUM LAKE, D&C YELLOW NO. 5 ZR LAKE, DC YELLOW #5-LAKE, FD&C YELLOW 5 (CI 19140) ALUMINUM LAKE, FD&C YELLOW 5 AL LAKE, FD&C YELLOW 5 ALUMINUM LAKE, FD&C YELLOW NO. 5 AL LAKE, FD&C YELLOW NO. 5 ALUMINUM LAKE, YELLOW 5 ALUMINUM LAKE, and YELLOW 5LAKE

Restricted

Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation


In industrial production of colorants, 'lake' is a term used for pigments or dyes that are precipitated with metal salts such as aluminum, calcium, barium, or others. Some of the lake dyes may be derived from naturally occurring plant or animal ingredients but the vast majority of lakes is synthetically produced from coal tar or petroleum.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • MODERATE
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • LOW
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick1610 products
lip gloss582 products
eye shadow476 products
nail polish426 products
blush312 products
lip balm268 products
eye liner242 products
lip liner191 products
bronzer/highlighter83 products
foundation70 products
concealer48 products
facial powder47 products
lip plumper36 products
brow liner35 products
setting powder/spray29 products
bath oil/salts/soak26 products
glitter22 products
lip balm with SPF19 products
mascara18 products
exfoliant/scrub18 products
body oil15 products
mask10 products
8 products
body wash/cleanser8 products
makeup primer7 products
bar soap6 products
hair color and bleaching4 products
facial cleanser4 products
nail treatment3 products
mouthwash2 products
moisturizer2 products
recreational sunscreen2 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
BB cream1 products
makeup remover1 products
body spray1 products
oil controller1 products
body firming lotion1 products
shampoo1 products
hair spray1 products
nail glue1 products

Contamination concerns

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Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Persistent or bioaccumulative and moderate to high toxicity concern in humansOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeOpen scientific literature

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Human any toxicant or allergen - moderate evidenceOpen scientific literature
One or more human case studies show possible any or allergenic effectsOpen scientific literature
One or more human case studies show equivocal any or allergenic effectsOpen scientific literature

Neurotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
One or more human case studies show significant any effectsOpen scientific literature
One or more human case studies show possible any effectsOpen scientific literature
One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate dosesOpen scientific literature
One or more animal studies show any effects at high dosesOpen scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as medium human health priorityOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicityScorecard.org Toxicity Information
One or more animal studies show any effects at high doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient)Open scientific literature
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulOpen scientific literature

Cancer

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Cancer - limited evidenceOpen scientific literature
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature
One or more in vitro tests on cells show inconclusive, but potentially positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature
Not likely to be carcinogenic in humansOpen scientific literature
Not likely to be mutagenic in humansOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - anyOpen scientific literature

Endocrine disruption

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CONCERN REFERENCE
One or more studies show weak endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature
Associated with endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
One or more animal studies show any effects at high dosesOpen scientific literature
any - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed/unreviewedOpen scientific literature

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives Lakes - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
0 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinOpen scientific literature
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site. http://www.scorecard.org.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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