Find products and ingredients Learn how Skin Deep® works Meet our experts Discover EWG VERIFIED™

Data: Fair

Fd&C Yellow 5 (Ci 19140)

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity restrictions based on EWG review of company data.

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

SEARCH PRODUCTS

Other Concerns

Neurotoxicity (moderate), Endocrine disruption (low), Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Contamination concerns (high)

SYNONYMS

1H-PYRAZOLE-3-CARBOXYLIC ACID, 4,5-DIHYDRO-5-OXO-1-(4-SULFOPHENYL)-4-[(4 -SULFOPHENYL)AZO]-, TRISODIUM, 1H-PYRAZOLE-3-CARBOXYLIC ACID, 4,5-DIHYDRO-5-OXO-1-(4-SULFOPHENYL)-4-[(4-SULFOPHE NYL)AZO]-, TRISODIUM, 1H-PYRAZOLE-3-CARBOXYLIC ACID, 4,5-DIHYDRO-5-OXO-1-(4-SULFOPHENYL)-4-[(4-SULFOPHENYL)AZO]-, TRISODIUM, 1HPYRAZOLE3CARBOXYLIC ACID, 4,5DIHYDRO5OXO1(4SULFOPHENYL)4[(4SULFOPHENYL)AZO], TRISODIUM SALT, 4,5-DIHYDRO-5-OXO-1-(4-SULFOPHENYL)-4-[(4 -SULFOPHENYL)AZO]- TRISODIUM 1H-PYRAZOLE-3-CARBOXYLIC ACID, 4,5-DIHYDRO-5-OXO-1-(4-SULFOPHENYL)-4-[(4-SULFOPHE NYL)AZO]- TRISODIUM 1H-PYRAZOLE-3-CARBOXYLIC ACID, 4,5-DIHYDRO-5-OXO-1-(4-SULFOPHENYL)-4-[(4-SULFOPHENYL)AZO]- TRISODIUM 1H-PYRAZOLE-3-CARBOXYLIC ACID, 4,5-DIHYDRO-5-OXO-1-(4-SULFOPHENYL)-4-[(4-SULFOPHENYL)AZO]-1H-PYRAZOLE-3-CARBOXYLIC ACID, TRISODIUM, ACID YELLOW 23, CI 19140, D&C YELLOW 4, D&C YELLOW 5, FD&C YELLOW 5, FD&C YELLOW 5 (CI 19140), FD&C YELLOW NO. 5, FOOD YELLOW 4, HYDRAZINE YELLOW, JAPAN YELL OW 4, KI4, KI5, TARTRAPHENINE, TARTRAZIN, TARTRAZINE, TRISODIUM 1H-PYRAZOLE-3-CARBOXYLIC ACID, 4,5-DIHYDRO-5-OXO-1-(4-SULFOPHENYL)-4-[(4 -SULFOPHENYL)AZO]-, TRISODIUM 1H-PYRAZOLE-3-CARBOXYLIC ACID, 4,5-DIHYDRO-5-OXO-1-(4-SULFOPHENYL)-4-[(4-SULFOPHE NYL)AZO]-, TRISODIUM 1H-PYRAZOLE-3-CARBOXYLIC ACID, 4,5-DIHYDRO-5-OXO-1-(4-SULFOPHENYL)-4-[(4-SULFOPHENYL)AZO]-, TRISODIUM 4,5-DIHYDRO-5-OXO-1-(4-SULFOPHENYL)-4-[(4-SULFOPHENYL)AZO]-1H-PYRAZOLE-3-CARBOXYLIC ACID, TRISODIUM 5-HYDROXY-1-(4-SULPHOPHENYL)-4-(4-SULPHOPHENYLAZO)PYRAZOLE-3-CARBOXYLATE, YELLOW 4, YELLOW 5, and YELLOW NO. 4

FD&C Yellow 5 is a synthetic dye produced from petroleum; this dye is FDA-approved for use in food, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • MODERATE
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • LOW
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
body wash/cleanser285 products
lipstick262 products
liquid hand soap260 products
eye shadow171 products
shampoo161 products
conditioner159 products
brow liner151 products
lip gloss149 products
bath oil/salts/soak148 products
nail polish145 products
fragrance for women94 products
eye liner86 products
moisturizer79 products
bar soap73 products
hand sanitizer72 products
mask68 products
exfoliant/scrub64 products
bronzer/highlighter63 products
facial cleanser60 products
sunless tanning58 products
concealer58 products
blush56 products
facial moisturizer/treatment51 products
body spray48 products
hair styling aide48 products
fragrance for men44 products
lip balm40 products
hair treatment/serum35 products
glitter34 products
lip liner32 products
lip balm with SPF31 products
after sun product29 products
serums & essences25 products
styling gel/lotion24 products
bubble bath23 products
toothpaste22 products
mouthwash21 products
toners/astringents20 products
makeup primer20 products
around-eye cream18 products
hair color and bleaching18 products
setting powder/spray16 products
mascara14 products
foundation13 products
lip plumper12 products
body firming lotion12 products
daily use with SPF12 products
body oil11 products
after shave10 products
antiperspirant/deodorant10 products
hand cream9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)7 products
recreational sunscreen7 products
7 products
beard care7 products
anti-aging6 products
foot cleansing6 products
nail treatment6 products
facial powder5 products
detangler5 products
foot moisturizer4 products
makeup remover4 products
hair relaxer3 products
styling mousse/foam3 products
shaving cream3 products
hair spray3 products
cuticle treatment3 products
foot odor control3 products
other eye makeup3 products
tooth whitening2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
baby shampoo2 products
beard oil2 products
polish remover1 products
BB cream1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
baby oil1 products
baby lotion1 products
baby toothpaste1 products

Contamination concerns

Expand content Collapse content

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
Persistent or bioaccumulative and moderate to high toxicity concern in humansEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
One or more animal studies show any effects at high doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient)Open scientific literature
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Neurotoxicity

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
One or more human case studies show significant any effectsOpen scientific literature
One or more human case studies show possible any effectsOpen scientific literature
One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate dosesOpen scientific literature
One or more animal studies show any effects at high dosesOpen scientific literature

Allergies/immunotoxicity

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
Human any toxicant or allergen - moderate evidenceOpen scientific literature
One or more human case studies show possible any or allergenic effectsOpen scientific literature
One or more human case studies show equivocal any or allergenic effectsOpen scientific literature

Cancer

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
Cancer - limited evidenceOpen scientific literature
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature
One or more in vitro tests on cells show inconclusive, but potentially positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature
Not likely to be carcinogenic in humansOpen scientific literature
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsInt'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens
Not likely to be mutagenic in humansOpen scientific literature

Endocrine disruption

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
One or more studies show weak endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature
Associated with endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
One or more animal studies show any effects at high dosesOpen scientific literature
any - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed/unreviewedOpen scientific literature

Informational

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
370 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

Can’t find your product?

Enter the ingredients in EWG’s Build Your Own Report tool to get an approximate score for that product.

BUILD YOUR OWN REPORT

EWG research
on the go

Find personal care, cleaning, and food products on the EWG Healthy Living app.

DOWNLOAD THE APP