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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate), Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick188 products
body wash/cleanser87 products
eye liner84 products
bath oil/salts/soak76 products
conditioner62 products
shampoo56 products
liquid hand soap55 products
fragrance for women31 products
lip gloss31 products
eye shadow30 products
facial moisturizer/treatment26 products
moisturizer22 products
serums & essences21 products
mask20 products
glitter20 products
concealer19 products
lip liner19 products
blush14 products
exfoliant/scrub14 products
fragrance for men13 products
facial cleanser12 products
moisturizer with SPF9 products
hair styling aide9 products
bronzer/highlighter8 products
hair color and bleaching8 products
brow liner8 products
bubble bath8 products
body firming lotion8 products
foundation8 products
nail polish7 products
bar soap7 products
lip balm with SPF7 products
after sun product7 products
sunless tanning7 products
hand sanitizer7 products
lip balm7 products
mouthwash6 products
beach & sport sunscreen6 products
detangler5 products
body spray5 products
styling gel/lotion4 products
toners/astringents4 products
toothpaste4 products
around-eye cream4 products
shaving cream3 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
makeup primer3 products
mascara3 products
baby bubble bath2 products
lip plumper2 products
foot cleansing2 products
after shave2 products
makeup remover2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
Facial Sun Care1 products
Tanning Sprays1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
tooth whitening1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
anti-aging1 products
hair spray1 products
baby shampoo1 products
BB cream1 products
other eye makeup1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent or bioaccumulative and moderate to high toxicity concern in humansEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - anyCosIng

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
370 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at .
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.

About this Ingredient's Score Range


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer