Fd&C Red No. 40 (Ci 16035) Aluminum Lake
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
- Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.
Other ConcernsUse restrictions (low), Neurotoxicity (low), Endocrine disruption (low), Persistence and bioaccumulation (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low), and Contamination concerns (high)
Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation
In industrial production of colorants, the term 'lake' is applied to pigments or dyes that are precipitated with metal salts such as aluminum, calcium, barium, or others. Most lake pigments are synthetically produced from coal tar or petroleum.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
MODERATEAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|eye shadow||428 products|
|lip gloss||141 products|
|eye liner||116 products|
|lip balm||28 products|
|lip liner||19 products|
|brow liner||18 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||17 products|
|setting powder/spray||16 products|
|body oil||15 products|
|nail polish||8 products|
|facial powder||7 products|
|lip plumper||6 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||4 products|
|makeup primer||3 products|
|oil controller||1 products|
|facial cleanser||1 products|
|hair color and bleaching||1 products|
|hair styling aide||1 products|
|hair spray||1 products|
|Human any toxicant or allergen - moderate evidence||Open scientific literature|
|One or more human case studies show possible any or allergenic effects||Open scientific literature|
|Not likely to be a any toxicant or allergenic in humans||Open scientific literature|
|One or more human case studies show possible any effects||Open scientific literature|
|One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate doses||Open scientific literature|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Limited evidence of any toxicity||Scorecard.org Toxicity Information|
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Cancer - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed||Open scientific literature|
|One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results||Open scientific literature|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Found to be persistent and bioaccumulative in wildlife||Open scientific literature|
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - any||Open scientific literature|
|Associated with endocrine disruption||Open scientific literature|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics||FDA Color Additive Status|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives Lakes - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration||CTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook|
|Not likely to be a any toxicant in humans||Open scientific literature|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
|Not likely to be a any irritant in humans||Open scientific literature|
|0 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site. http://www.scorecard.org.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
- CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED® mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.