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FD&C Red No. 40 (CI 16035) Aluminum Lake

Score:

Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low), Neurotoxicity (low), Endocrine disruption (low), Persistence and bioaccumulation (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low), and Contamination concerns (high)

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW_MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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eye shadow334 products
lipstick295 products
blush143 products
lip gloss64 products
bronzer/highlighter61 products
eye liner37 products
facial powder27 products
bath oil/salts/soak26 products
concealer19 products
glitter18 products
foundation17 products
makeup primer15 products
exfoliant/scrub11 products
lip liner10 products
lip balm6 products
brow liner5 products
facial moisturizer/treatment4 products
mask4 products
3 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
nail polish2 products
facial cleanser2 products
setting powder/spray1 products
eyelash glue1 products
moisturizer1 products

Contamination concerns

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Allergies/immunotoxicity

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Concern Reference
Human any toxicant or allergen - moderate evidenceOpen scientific literature
One or more human case studies show possible any or allergenic effectsOpen scientific literature
Not likely to be a any toxicant or allergenic in humansOpen scientific literature

Neurotoxicity

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Concern Reference
One or more human case studies show possible any effectsOpen scientific literature
One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate dosesOpen scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of any toxicityScorecard.org Toxicity Information
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Cancer

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Concern Reference
Cancer - weight of evidence unknown/unassessedOpen scientific literature
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Found to be persistent and bioaccumulative in wildlifeOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - anyOpen scientific literature

Endocrine disruption

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Concern Reference
Associated with endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature

Ecotoxicology

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Informational

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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives Lakes - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
Not likely to be a any toxicant in humansOpen scientific literature

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Not likely to be a any irritant in humansOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
0 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site. http://www.scorecard.org.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.

ABOUT THE SKIN DEEP® RATINGS

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer

ABOUT EWG VERIFIED™

Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer