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Data: Limited

Fd&C Red No. 40 (Ci 16035) Aluminum Lake

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.

Other Concerns

Use restrictions (low), Neurotoxicity (low), Endocrine disruption (low), Persistence and bioaccumulation (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low), and Contamination concerns (high)

SYNONYMS

D&C RED 40 AL LAKE, D&C RED 40 ALUMINUM LAKE, D&C RED NO. 40 AL LAKE, D&C RED NO. 40 ALUMINUM LAKE, DC RED #40-LAKE, FD&C RED 40 AL LAKE, FD&C RED 40 ALUMINUM LAKE, FD&C RED NO. 40 (CI 16035) ALUMINUM LAKE, FD&C RED NO. 40 AL LAKE, FD&C RED NO. 40 ALUMINUM LAKE, and RED 40 LAKE

In industrial production of colorants, the term 'lake' is applied to pigments or dyes that are precipitated with metal salts such as aluminum, calcium, barium, or others. Most lake pigments are synthetically produced from coal tar or petroleum.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • MODERATE
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reingredientive Toxicity
  • LOW
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
eye shadow534 products
lipstick391 products
blush207 products
lip gloss129 products
eye liner89 products
bronzer/highlighter78 products
glitter26 products
bath oil/salts/soak26 products
facial powder24 products
setting powder/spray19 products
concealer18 products
foundation17 products
lip balm15 products
body oil15 products
brow liner15 products
lip liner14 products
nail polish9 products
lip plumper8 products
exfoliant/scrub8 products
mask6 products
facial moisturizer/treatment4 products
3 products
makeup primer3 products
mascara3 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
facial cleanser2 products
hair styling aide1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
moisturizer1 products
serums & essences1 products
oil controller1 products

Contamination concerns

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Allergies/immunotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Human any toxicant or allergen - moderate evidenceOpen scientific literature
One or more human case studies show possible any or allergenic effectsOpen scientific literature
Not likely to be a any toxicant or allergenic in humansOpen scientific literature

Neurotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
One or more human case studies show possible any effectsOpen scientific literature
One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate dosesOpen scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited evidence of any toxicityScorecard.org Toxicity Information
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Cancer

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Cancer - weight of evidence unknown/unassessedOpen scientific literature
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Found to be persistent and bioaccumulative in wildlifeOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - anyOpen scientific literature

Endocrine disruption

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Associated with endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives Lakes - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not likely to be a any toxicant in humansOpen scientific literature

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not likely to be a any irritant in humansOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
0 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site. http://www.scorecard.org.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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