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Data: Fair

Fd&C Green No. 3 (Ci 42053)

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around the eyes due to increased risk of absorption.

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

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Other Concerns

Use restrictions (high), Endocrine disruption (low), and Contamination concerns (high)

SYNONYMS

BENZENEMETHANAMINIUM, N-ETHYL-N-[4-[[4-[ETHYL[(3-SULFOPHENYL)METHYL]AMINO]PHENYL](4-HYDROXY-2-SULFOPHENYL)METHYLENE]-2,5-CYCLOHEXADIEN-1-YLIDENE]-3-SULFO-, INNER SALT, DISODIUM SALT, BENZENEMETHANAMINIUM, NETHYLN[4[[4[ETHYL[(3SULFOPHENYL)METHYL]AMINO]PHENYL](4HYDROXY2SULFOPHENYL)METHYLENE]2,5CYCLOHEXADIEN1YLIDENE]3SULFO, HYDROXIDE, INNER SALT, DISODIUM SALT, CI 42053, DIHYDROGEN (ETHYL)[4-[4-[ETHYL(3-SULPHONATOBENZYL)AMINO](4-HYDROXY-2-SULPHONATOBENZHYDRYLIDENE]CYCLOHEXA-2,5-DIEN-1-YLIDENE](3-SULPHONATOBENZYL)AMMONIUM, DISODIUM SALT, DISODIUM SALT HEXADIEN-1-YLIDENE]-3-SULFO-, HYDROXIDE, INNER SALT, FD&C GREEN 3, FD&C GREEN NO. 3, FD&C GREEN NO. 3 (CI 42053), FOOD GREEN 3, GREEN 3, GREEN NO. 3, HEXADIEN-1-YLIDENE]-3-SULFO-, HYDROXIDE, INNER SALT, DISODIUM SALT, INNER SALT DISODIUM SALT HEXADIEN-1-YLIDENE]-3-SULFO-, HYDROXIDE, JAPAN GREEN 3, MIDORI3, and N-ETHYL-N-[4-[[4-[ETHYL[3-SULFOPHENYL)METHYL]AMINO]PHENYL](4-HYDROXY-2-SULFOPHENYL)METHYLENE]-2,5-CYCLO

Restricted

Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation


Green 3 is classed chemically as a triphenylmethane color.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • LOW
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • HIGH
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

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mouthwash53 products
bar soap27 products
body wash/cleanser23 products
antiperspirant/deodorant13 products
liquid hand soap12 products
shampoo8 products
fragrance for men7 products
facial cleanser6 products
moisturizer5 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
shaving cream3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
eye liner2 products
after sun product2 products
2 products
hair styling aide2 products
conditioner2 products
body spray2 products
fragrance for women2 products
body art1 products
hair treatment/serum1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
baby toothpaste1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
facial moisturizer/treatment1 products
after shave1 products
toothpaste1 products
toners/astringents1 products

Contamination concerns

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Chemical
MANGANESE
ANILINE

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Color additive not approved by FDA for cosmetics used around eyesFDA Color Additive Status

Cancer

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Cancer - limited evidenceOpen scientific literature
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsInt'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited evidence of any irritationOpen scientific literature

Endocrine disruption

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Associated with endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
148 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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