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Data: None

Ci 42090 (Fd&C Blue No. 1 Or D&C Blue No. 4) Aluminum Lake

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.

Other Concerns

Use restrictions (high), Neurotoxicity (low), Endocrine disruption (low), Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), Multiple, additive exposure sources (low), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate), and Contamination concerns (high)

SYNONYMS

● BLUE 1 ALUMINUM LAKE
● BLUE 1 LAKE
● BLUE 1LAKE
● CI 42090 (FD&C BLUE NO. 1 OR D&C BLUE NO. 4) ALUMINUM LAKE
● DC BLUE #1-LAKE
● FD&C BLUE 1 AL LAKE
● FD&C BLUE 1 ALUMINUM LAKE
● FD&C BLUE NO. 1 AL LAKE
● FD&C BLUE NO. 1 ALUMINUM LAKE

Restricted - Unaccpetable

The score of this ingredient can vary from Restricted to Unacceptable based on the method of product consumption. For instance, when used in aerosol-based products, this ingredient may pose a risk to respiratory health, leading to a higher score

Click here for more information about ingredient scores


In industrial production of colorants, 'lake' is a term used for pigments or dyes that are precipitated with metal salts such as aluminum, calcium, barium, or others. Some of the lake dyes may be derived from naturally occurring plant or animal ingredients but the vast majority of lakes is synthetically produced from coal tar or petroleum.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • MODERATE
    Cancer
  • LOW
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • HIGH
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick1719 products
lip gloss570 products
eye shadow389 products
nail polish302 products
eye liner301 products
blush258 products
lip liner229 products
lip balm157 products
brow liner123 products
bronzer/highlighter103 products
foundation79 products
concealer68 products
lip plumper47 products
mascara38 products
bath oil/salts/soak31 products
lip balm with SPF23 products
mask18 products
exfoliant/scrub15 products
makeup primer13 products
glitter11 products
setting powder/spray10 products
9 products
hair color and bleaching8 products
body wash/cleanser8 products
bar soap8 products
nail glue7 products
facial powder6 products
body oil6 products
shampoo5 products
body art4 products
makeup remover3 products
fragrance for women3 products
facial cleanser3 products
hair removal waxes3 products
liquid hand soap2 products
fragrance for men2 products
serums & essences2 products
hair spray2 products
facial moisturizer/treatment1 products
baby shampoo1 products
tooth whitening1 products
depilatory1 products
sunless tanning1 products
BB cream1 products
hand cream1 products
mouthwash1 products
body spray1 products
moisturizer1 products
other eye makeup1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
bubble bath1 products

Contamination concerns

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Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Violation of government restrictions - Banned or found unsafe for use in cosmeticsOpen scientific literature
Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - anyOpen scientific literature
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - anyOpen scientific literature

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Persistent or bioaccumulative and moderate to high toxicity concern in humansOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeOpen scientific literature

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited evidence of any irritationOpen scientific literature

Cancer

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited evidence of carcinogenicityOpen scientific literature
One or more in vitro tests on cells show inconclusive, but potentially positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature
Not likely to be carcinogenic in humansOpen scientific literature
Not likely to be mutagenic in humansOpen scientific literature
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsOpen scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as medium human health priorityOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicityScorecard.org Toxicity Information
One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient)Open scientific literature
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulOpen scientific literature

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableOpen scientific literature
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Neurotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells demonstrate neurotoxicityOpen scientific literature
One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate dosesOpen scientific literature

Endocrine disruption

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Associated with endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
0 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives Lakes - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinOpen scientific literature

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not likely to be a reproductive or developmental toxinOpen scientific literature
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site. http://www.scorecard.org.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED® mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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