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CI 42090 (FD&C Blue No. 1 or D&C Blue No. 4) Aluminum Lake

Score:

Data: None

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (high), Neurotoxicity (low), Endocrine disruption (low), Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), Multiple, additive exposure sources (low), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate), and Contamination concerns (high)

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick2106 products
lip gloss621 products
eye shadow520 products
lip balm350 products
nail polish324 products
eye liner309 products
lip liner305 products
blush135 products
brow liner124 products
concealer94 products
foundation58 products
bronzer/highlighter57 products
bath oil/salts/soak56 products
lip plumper45 products
lip balm with SPF38 products
mascara37 products
facial powder21 products
makeup primer17 products
15 products
setting powder/spray13 products
body wash/cleanser12 products
exfoliant/scrub11 products
glitter11 products
hair color and bleaching10 products
bar soap8 products
mask8 products
CC cream6 products
shampoo5 products
facial cleanser4 products
facial moisturizer/treatment3 products
makeup remover2 products
toothpaste2 products
nail glue2 products
mouthwash2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
hand cream1 products
oil controller1 products
nail treatment1 products
BB cream1 products
bubble bath1 products
moisturizer1 products
fragrance for men1 products
tooth whitening1 products
toners/astringents1 products
body art1 products
body spray1 products
hair spray1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products

Contamination concerns

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Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Violation of government restrictions - Banned or found unsafe for use in cosmeticsOpen scientific literature
Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - anyOpen scientific literature
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - anyOpen scientific literature

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent or bioaccumulative and moderate to high toxicity concern in humansOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeOpen scientific literature

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of any irritationOpen scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as medium human health priorityOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicityScorecard.org Toxicity Information
One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient)Open scientific literature
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulOpen scientific literature

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableOpen scientific literature
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Neurotoxicity

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Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate dosesOpen scientific literature
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells demonstrate neurotoxicityOpen scientific literature

Endocrine disruption

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Concern Reference
Associated with endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature

Cancer

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Concern Reference
One or more in vitro tests on cells show inconclusive, but potentially positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature
Not likely to be carcinogenic in humansOpen scientific literature
Not likely to be mutagenic in humansOpen scientific literature
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
0 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Informational

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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives Lakes - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
Not likely to be a reproductive or developmental toxinOpen scientific literature

Ecotoxicology

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinOpen scientific literature

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site. http://www.scorecard.org.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.

ABOUT THE SKIN DEEP® RATINGS

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer

ABOUT EWG VERIFIED™

Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer