Ci 42090 (Fd&C Blue No. 1 Or D&C Blue No. 4) Aluminum Lake
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
- Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.
Other ConcernsUse restrictions (high), Neurotoxicity (low), Endocrine disruption (low), Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), Multiple, additive exposure sources (low), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate), and Contamination concerns (high)
Restricted - Unaccpetable
The score of this ingredient can vary from Restricted to Unacceptable based on the method of product consumption. For instance, when used in aerosol-based products, this ingredient may pose a risk to respiratory health, leading to a higher score
Click here for more information about ingredient scores
In industrial production of colorants, 'lake' is a term used for pigments or dyes that are precipitated with metal salts such as aluminum, calcium, barium, or others. Some of the lake dyes may be derived from naturally occurring plant or animal ingredients but the vast majority of lakes is synthetically produced from coal tar or petroleum.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|lip gloss||629 products|
|eye shadow||503 products|
|eye liner||319 products|
|nail polish||266 products|
|lip balm||243 products|
|lip liner||240 products|
|brow liner||122 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||43 products|
|lip plumper||36 products|
|lip balm with SPF||26 products|
|facial powder||22 products|
|setting powder/spray||19 products|
|makeup primer||11 products|
|body wash/cleanser||9 products|
|hair color and bleaching||7 products|
|body oil||6 products|
|bar soap||6 products|
|nail glue||4 products|
|facial cleanser||4 products|
|makeup remover||2 products|
|hair removal waxes||2 products|
|hair spray||2 products|
|tooth whitening||1 products|
|body spray||1 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||1 products|
|nail treatment||1 products|
|other eye makeup||1 products|
|hand cream||1 products|
|oil controller||1 products|
|liquid hand soap||1 products|
|Violation of government restrictions - Banned or found unsafe for use in cosmetics||Open scientific literature|
|Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - any||Open scientific literature|
|Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - any||Open scientific literature|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Persistent or bioaccumulative and moderate to high toxicity concern in humans||Open scientific literature|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Open scientific literature|
Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
|Limited evidence of any irritation||Open scientific literature|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as medium human health priority||Open scientific literature|
|Limited evidence of any toxicity||Scorecard.org Toxicity Information|
|One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient)||Open scientific literature|
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Open scientific literature|
|Limited evidence of carcinogenicity||Open scientific literature|
|One or more in vitro tests on cells show inconclusive, but potentially positive mutation results||Open scientific literature|
|Not likely to be carcinogenic in humans||Open scientific literature|
|Not likely to be mutagenic in humans||Open scientific literature|
|Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gaps||Open scientific literature|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information available||Open scientific literature|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate doses||Open scientific literature|
|One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells demonstrate neurotoxicity||Open scientific literature|
|Associated with endocrine disruption||Open scientific literature|
|0 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives Lakes - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration||CTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics||FDA Color Additive Status|
|Not likely to be a reproductive or developmental toxin||Open scientific literature|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Open scientific literature|
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site. http://www.scorecard.org.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.