Ci 42090 (Fd&C Blue No. 1 Or D&C Blue No. 4)
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for damaged skin due to increased risk of absorption.
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around mouth due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use on lips due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around the eyes due to increased risk of absorption.
- Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.
IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem
Other ConcernsUse restrictions (high), Neurotoxicity (low), Endocrine disruption (low), Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), Multiple, additive exposure sources (low), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate), and Contamination concerns (high)
Restricted - Unaccpetable
The score of this ingredient can vary from Restricted to Unacceptable based on the method of product consumption. For instance, when used in aerosol-based products, this ingredient may pose a risk to respiratory health, leading to a higher score
Click here for more information about ingredient scores
FD&C Blue 1 is a synthetic dye produced from petroleum; this dye is FDA-approved for use in food, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|body wash/cleanser||327 products|
|liquid hand soap||224 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||161 products|
|eye shadow||118 products|
|lip gloss||106 products|
|eye liner||99 products|
|nail polish||92 products|
|hand sanitizer||74 products|
|fragrance for women||68 products|
|sunless tanning||65 products|
|facial cleanser||59 products|
|brow liner||56 products|
|bar soap||55 products|
|lip liner||39 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||37 products|
|lip balm||36 products|
|fragrance for men||34 products|
|styling gel/lotion||33 products|
|hair styling aide||33 products|
|bubble bath||24 products|
|serums & essences||24 products|
|antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)||22 products|
|hair color and bleaching||22 products|
|hair treatment/serum||22 products|
|after sun product||20 products|
|shaving cream||19 products|
|body spray||18 products|
|setting powder/spray||18 products|
|around-eye cream||13 products|
|shaving cream (men's)||13 products|
|hand cream||10 products|
|makeup primer||10 products|
|body oil||10 products|
|lip plumper||10 products|
|after shave||9 products|
|recreational sunscreen||9 products|
|polish remover||7 products|
|body firming lotion||7 products|
|makeup remover||7 products|
|tooth whitening||6 products|
|foot moisturizer||5 products|
|lip balm with SPF||5 products|
|hair spray||4 products|
|baby bubble bath||4 products|
|nail treatment||3 products|
|muscle/joint soreness||3 products|
|facial powder||3 products|
|styling mousse/foam||3 products|
|other eye makeup||3 products|
|beard care||3 products|
|foot cleansing||2 products|
|daily use with SPF||2 products|
|baby toothpaste||2 products|
|baby shampoo||2 products|
|beard cleanser||2 products|
|hair-loss treatment||1 products|
|hair removal waxes||1 products|
|eyelash glue||1 products|
|baby oil||1 products|
|damaged skin treatment||1 products|
|Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics: external use only||FDA Color Additive Status|
|Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - any||CosIng|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Persistent or bioaccumulative and moderate to high toxicity concern in humans||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as medium human health priority||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|One or more animal studies show classified as toxic effects at moderate doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient)||EPA Toxic Release Inventory PBTs|
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Limited evidence of carcinogenicity||Open scientific literature|
|One or more in vitro tests on cells show inconclusive, but potentially positive mutation results||Open scientific literature|
|Not likely to be mutagenic in humans||Open scientific literature|
|Not likely to be carcinogenic in humans||Open scientific literature|
|Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gaps||Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens|
Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
|Limited evidence of any irritation||Open scientific literature|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information available||Open scientific literature|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate doses||Open scientific literature|
|One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells demonstrate neurotoxicity||Open scientific literature|
|Associated with endocrine disruption||Open scientific literature|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics||FDA Color Additive Status|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration||CTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|477 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Not likely to be a reproductive or developmental toxin||Open scientific literature|
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
- European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/ .
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1999. Toxics Release Inventory Program. PBT Chemical Rule.
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.