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Data: Limited

Ext. D&C Violet No. 2 (Ci 60730)

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for damaged skin due to increased risk of absorption.
  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around mouth due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use on lips due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around the eyes due to increased risk of absorption.

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

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Other Concerns

Use restrictions (high), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)

SYNONYMS

6-((4-HYDROXY-1-ANTHRAQUINONYL)AMINO)- MONOSODIUM SALT M-TOLUENESULFONIC ACID, BENZENESULFONIC ACID, 2[(9,10DIHYDRO4HYDROXY9,10DIOXO1ANTHRACENYL)AMINO]5METHYL, MONOSODIUM SALT, CI 60730, EXT D&C VIOLET 2, EXT. D&C VIOLET 2, EXT. D&C VIOLET NO. 2, EXT. D&C VIOLET NO. 2 (CI 60730), EXT. VIOLET 2, M-TOLUENESULFONIC ACID, 6-((4-HYDROXY-1-ANTHRAQUINONYL)AMINO)-, MONOSODIUM SALT, MONOSODIUM SALT M-TOLUENESULFONIC ACID, 6-((4-HYDROXY-1-ANTHRAQUINONYL)AMINO)-, MURASAKI401, and SODIUM 4-[(9,10-DIHYDRO-4-HYDROXY-9,10-DIOXO-1-ANTHRYL)AMINO]TOLUENE-3-SULPHONATE

Unacceptable

Unacceptable: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient


Ext. (external) D&C Violet 2 is a synthetic colorant.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • MODERATE
    Cancer
  • MODERATE
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • HIGH
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
nail polish77 products
shampoo72 products
fragrance for women62 products
liquid hand soap50 products
body wash/cleanser45 products
conditioner45 products
fragrance for men32 products
hair color and bleaching31 products
bath oil/salts/soak16 products
hair treatment/serum15 products
facial cleanser15 products
mask11 products
styling gel/lotion10 products
setting powder/spray9 products
body oil9 products
toners/astringents8 products
moisturizer7 products
hair styling aide7 products
exfoliant/scrub6 products
polish remover6 products
body spray5 products
serums & essences4 products
facial moisturizer/treatment3 products
after shave3 products
hair spray2 products
detangler2 products
makeup primer2 products
bar soap2 products
bubble bath1 products
sunless tanning1 products
daily use with SPF1 products
makeup remover1 products
1 products
hand cream1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
anti-aging1 products

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics: external use onlyFDA Color Additive Status
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - anyOpen scientific literature
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Human skin toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceEWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature
any or allergies - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed/unreview: published lit review or major tox studyOpen scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited evidence of any toxicityOpen scientific literature
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Cancer

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited evidence of carcinogenicityOpen scientific literature
Cancer - limited evidenceEWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature
Cancer - limited evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited evidence of any irritationOpen scientific literature
One or more animal studies show any irritation at moderate dosesOpen scientific literature

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics: external use onlyFDA Color Additive Status

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
2 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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