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Data: Limited

Ext. D&C Violet No. 2 (Ci 60730)

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for damaged skin due to increased risk of absorption.
  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around mouth due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use on lips due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around the eyes due to increased risk of absorption.

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

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Other Concerns

Use restrictions (high), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)

SYNONYMS

6-((4-HYDROXY-1-ANTHRAQUINONYL)AMINO)- MONOSODIUM SALT M-TOLUENESULFONIC ACID, BENZENESULFONIC ACID, 2[(9,10DIHYDRO4HYDROXY9,10DIOXO1ANTHRACENYL)AMINO]5METHYL, MONOSODIUM SALT, CI 60730, EXT D&C VIOLET 2, EXT. D&C VIOLET 2, EXT. D&C VIOLET NO. 2, EXT. D&C VIOLET NO. 2 (CI 60730), EXT. VIOLET 2, M-TOLUENESULFONIC ACID, 6-((4-HYDROXY-1-ANTHRAQUINONYL)AMINO)-, MONOSODIUM SALT, MONOSODIUM SALT M-TOLUENESULFONIC ACID, 6-((4-HYDROXY-1-ANTHRAQUINONYL)AMINO)-, MURASAKI401, and SODIUM 4-[(9,10-DIHYDRO-4-HYDROXY-9,10-DIOXO-1-ANTHRYL)AMINO]TOLUENE-3-SULPHONATE

Ext. (external) D&C Violet 2 is a synthetic colorant.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • MODERATE
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reingredientive Toxicity
  • HIGH
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

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nail polish79 products
fragrance for women66 products
liquid hand soap65 products
shampoo64 products
body wash/cleanser41 products
conditioner38 products
fragrance for men37 products
hair color and bleaching31 products
bath oil/salts/soak17 products
facial cleanser16 products
hair treatment/serum15 products
styling gel/lotion13 products
mask13 products
moisturizer9 products
body oil9 products
facial moisturizer/treatment9 products
hair styling aide8 products
body spray8 products
toners/astringents7 products
polish remover6 products
serums & essences5 products
exfoliant/scrub5 products
after shave4 products
sunless tanning3 products
anti-aging2 products
makeup remover2 products
2 products
makeup primer2 products
setting powder/spray2 products
detangler2 products
bar soap2 products
daily use with SPF1 products
hair spray1 products
hand cream1 products
bubble bath1 products
oil controller1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
shaving cream1 products
hand sanitizer1 products

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics: external use onlyFDA Color Additive Status
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Human skin toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceEWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature
any or allergies - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed/unreview: published lit review or major tox studyOpen scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited evidence of any toxicityOpen scientific literature
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Cancer

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Cancer - limited evidenceEWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature
Cancer - limited evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited evidence of any irritationOpen scientific literature
One or more animal studies show any irritation at moderate dosesOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
2 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics: external use onlyFDA Color Additive Status
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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