Cancer: Ingredients linked to cancer in government, industry or academic studies or assessments.
Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity
Developmental and reproductive toxicity: Ingredients linked to developmental and reproductive toxicity, a broad class of health effects that range from infertility and reproductive organ cancers to birth defects and developmental delays in children.
Allergies & Immunotoxicity
Allergies and immunotoxicity: Ingredients linked to harm to the immune system, a class of health problems that manifest as allergic reactions or an impaired capacity to fight disease and repair damaged tissue in the body.
Products with this Ingredient
|fragrance for women||96 products|
|fragrance for men||76 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||54 products|
|hair treatment/serum||46 products|
|lip gloss||29 products|
|lip balm||28 products|
|serums & essences||26 products|
|hair styling aide||26 products|
|styling gel/lotion||25 products|
|hand cream||24 products|
|bar soap||19 products|
|body spray||18 products|
|hair spray||18 products|
|body wash/cleanser||17 products|
|antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)||16 products|
|hair color and bleaching||14 products|
|facial cleanser||13 products|
|body oil||12 products|
|body firming lotion||8 products|
|around-eye cream||8 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||7 products|
|daily use with SPF||7 products|
|liquid hand soap||6 products|
|hand sanitizer||5 products|
|lip liner||5 products|
|CC cream||5 products|
|BB cream||4 products|
|foot moisturizer||4 products|
|body powder||4 products|
|after shave||4 products|
|styling mousse/foam||3 products|
|sunless tanning||3 products|
|shaving cream (men's)||3 products|
|shaving cream||3 products|
|makeup primer||2 products|
|bubble bath||2 products|
|hair-loss treatment||2 products|
|lip plumper||2 products|
|beard oil||2 products|
|muscle/joint soreness||2 products|
|nail treatment||2 products|
|facial powder||2 products|
|beard cleanser||1 products|
|cuticle treatment||1 products|
|recreational sunscreen||1 products|
|setting powder/spray||1 products|
|tanning oil||1 products|
|Known human immune system toxicant or allergen||SCCPNFP Opinion on Fragrance Allergy|
|Limited evidence of immune system toxicity or allergies||National Library of Medicine HazMap|
|Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergies||Open scientific literature|
|Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)||International Fragrance Association Codes & Standards|
|Restricted in cosmetics - labeling requirement for allergens||CosIng|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as expected to be toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as medium human health priority||Open scientific literature|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Food Additive Status|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Open scientific literature|
|Not suspected to be persistent||Open scientific literature|
|4337 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gaps||Open scientific literature|
|Not likely to be carcinogenic in humans||Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Open scientific literature|
- SCCPNFP (Scientific Committee On Cosmetic Products And Non-Food Products). 1999. Opinion Concerning Fragrance Allergy In Consumers. . SCCNFP/0017/98 Final, December 1999; and SCCPNFP (Scientific Committee On Cosmetic Products And Non-Food Products). 2000. An Initial List Of Perfumery Materials Which Must Not Form Part Of Fragrances Compounds Used In Cosmetic Products. SCCNFP/0320/00, final May 2000.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- IFRA (International Fragrance Association). 2006. Codes and Standards.
- European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/ .
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
- Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.
ABOUT THE SKIN DEEP® RATINGS
EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer
ABOUT EWG VERIFIED™
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer