Menu Close Menu




Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate) and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
fragrance for women96 products
fragrance for men76 products
lipstick58 products
facial moisturizer/treatment54 products
hair treatment/serum46 products
moisturizer46 products
lip gloss29 products
shampoo29 products
lip balm28 products
serums & essences26 products
hair styling aide26 products
styling gel/lotion25 products
conditioner24 products
antiperspirant/deodorant24 products
foundation24 products
hand cream24 products
bar soap19 products
body spray18 products
hair spray18 products
body wash/cleanser17 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)16 products
exfoliant/scrub15 products
hair color and bleaching14 products
facial cleanser13 products
mask13 products
body oil12 products
body firming lotion8 products
around-eye cream8 products
bath oil/salts/soak7 products
daily use with SPF7 products
liquid hand soap6 products
hand sanitizer5 products
lip liner5 products
CC cream5 products
BB cream4 products
foot moisturizer4 products
blush4 products
body powder4 products
toothpaste4 products
after shave4 products
toners/astringents4 products
concealer3 products
anti-aging3 products
styling mousse/foam3 products
detangler3 products
sunless tanning3 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
shaving cream3 products
bronzer/highlighter3 products
makeup primer2 products
bubble bath2 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
lip plumper2 products
beard oil2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
mouthwash2 products
nail treatment2 products
facial powder2 products
beard cleanser1 products
1 products
depilatory1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
mascara1 products
recreational sunscreen1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
tanning oil1 products


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Known human immune system toxicant or allergenSCCPNFP Opinion on Fragrance Allergy
Limited evidence of immune system toxicity or allergiesNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)International Fragrance Association Codes & Standards
Restricted in cosmetics - labeling requirement for allergensCosIng

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityOpen scientific literature

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be persistentOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
4337 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsOpen scientific literature
Not likely to be carcinogenic in humansInt'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinOpen scientific literature

Data Sources

  • SCCPNFP (Scientific Committee On Cosmetic Products And Non-Food Products). 1999. Opinion Concerning Fragrance Allergy In Consumers. . SCCNFP/0017/98 Final, December 1999; and SCCPNFP (Scientific Committee On Cosmetic Products And Non-Food Products). 2000. An Initial List Of Perfumery Materials Which Must Not Form Part Of Fragrances Compounds Used In Cosmetic Products. SCCNFP/0320/00, final May 2000.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • IFRA (International Fragrance Association). 2006. Codes and Standards.
  • European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at .
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer