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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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body wash/cleanser62 products
bath oil/salts/soak59 products
facial cleanser45 products
shampoo44 products
moisturizer43 products
antiperspirant/deodorant41 products
bar soap37 products
conditioner31 products
mask29 products
hair treatment/serum26 products
exfoliant/scrub26 products
toners/astringents22 products
facial moisturizer/treatment19 products
liquid hand soap17 products
facial powder13 products
body oil13 products
foot moisturizer12 products
foundation11 products
muscle/joint soreness11 products
mouthwash11 products
hair color and bleaching11 products
shaving cream (men's)10 products
serums & essences10 products
foot odor control10 products
bubble bath9 products
beard oil9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)9 products
hand sanitizer9 products
hand cream8 products
shaving cream8 products
body powder8 products
beard care7 products
lip balm6 products
CC cream6 products
foot cleansing6 products
toothpaste6 products
after shave6 products
body spray6 products
around-eye cream5 products
daily use with SPF5 products
fragrance for women5 products
hair styling aide5 products
setting powder/spray5 products
body firming lotion4 products
makeup remover4 products
sunless tanning4 products
baby shampoo3 products
baby bubble bath3 products
damaged skin treatment3 products
recreational sunscreen3 products
baby wipes3 products
after sun product2 products
makeup primer2 products
fragrance for men2 products
tanning oil2 products
hair spray2 products
baby soap2 products
anti-aging1 products
tooth whitening1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
oil controller1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
1 products
beard cleanser1 products
vapor rubs1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
622 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer