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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo39 products
body wash/cleanser32 products
facial cleanser30 products
conditioner26 products
bath oil/salts/soak25 products
antiperspirant/deodorant25 products
moisturizer23 products
facial moisturizer/treatment22 products
bar soap20 products
mask19 products
serums & essences16 products
toners/astringents16 products
exfoliant/scrub14 products
hair treatment/serum11 products
hair color and bleaching11 products
muscle/joint soreness9 products
liquid hand soap8 products
foot moisturizer8 products
hand cream6 products
facial powder6 products
body oil6 products
shaving cream (men's)5 products
beard care5 products
mouthwash5 products
toothpaste5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)5 products
around-eye cream5 products
recreational sunscreen5 products
hand sanitizer4 products
hair spray4 products
body firming lotion4 products
concealer4 products
body powder4 products
lip balm3 products
foot odor control3 products
shaving cream3 products
after shave3 products
baby shampoo3 products
bubble bath3 products
makeup primer3 products
daily use with SPF2 products
beard oil2 products
baby soap2 products
makeup remover2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
hair styling aide2 products
vapor rubs2 products
fragrance for women2 products
body spray2 products
tanning oil1 products
fragrance for men1 products
oil controller1 products
beard cleanser1 products
sunless tanning1 products
baby wipes1 products
after sun product1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
tooth whitening1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
622 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer