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Data: Fair

Ethylparaben

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

SEARCH PRODUCTS

Other Concerns

Use restrictions (low) and Endocrine disruption (moderate)

SYNONYMS

4-HYDROXY- ETHYL ESTER BENZOIC ACID, 4-HYDROXYBENZOIC ACID, ETHYL ESTER, 4-HYDROXYBENZOIC ACID, ETHYL ESTER, SODIUM SALT, BENZOIC ACID, 4-HYDROXY-, ETHYL ESTER, BENZOIC ACID, 4-HYDROXY-, ETHYL ESTER, SODIUM SALT, BENZOIC ACID, 4HYDROXY, ETHYL ESTER, BENZOIC ACID, 4HYDROXY, ETHYL ESTER, SODIUM SALT, ETHYL 4-HYDROXYBENZOATE, ETHYL ESTER 4-HYDROXYBENZOIC ACID, ETHYL ESTER BENZOIC ACID, 4-HYDROXY-, ETHYL ESTER SODIUM SALT 4-HYDROXYBENZOIC ACID, ETHYL ESTER SODIUM SALT BENZOIC ACID, 4-HYDROXY-, ETHYL P-HYDROXYBENZOATE, ETHYL P-HYDROXYBENZOATE SODIUM SALT, ETHYL PARAHYDROXYBENZOATE, ETHYLPARABEN, ETHYLPARABEN, POTASSIUM SALT, ETHYLPARABEN, SODIUM SALT, POTASSIUM ETHYLPARABEN, POTASSIUM SALT ETHYLPARABEN, SODIUM 4-ETHOXYCARBONYLPHENOXIDE, SODIUM ETHYLPARABEN, SODIUM SALT 4-HYDROXYBENZOIC ACID, ETHYL ESTER, SODIUM SALT BENZOIC ACID, 4-HYDROXY-, ETHYL ESTER, and SODIUM SALT ETHYLPARABEN

Restricted

Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation


Ethylparaben is in the paraben family of preservatives used by the food, pharmaceutical, and personal care product industries. Parabens mimic estrogen and can act as potential hormone (endocrine) system disruptors.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • MODERATE
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • LOW
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation93 products
moisturizer63 products
concealer56 products
mascara41 products
daily use with SPF28 products
facial moisturizer/treatment22 products
eye shadow20 products
anti-aging14 products
blush14 products
sunless tanning13 products
facial cleanser12 products
around-eye cream12 products
hair styling aide12 products
serums & essences10 products
conditioner8 products
bronzer/highlighter8 products
eye liner8 products
body firming lotion8 products
facial powder7 products
mask7 products
styling gel/lotion6 products
lip liner6 products
hand cream5 products
hair color and bleaching5 products
hair treatment/serum5 products
after shave4 products
recreational sunscreen4 products
setting powder/spray4 products
shampoo3 products
styling mousse/foam3 products
foot moisturizer3 products
brow liner3 products
shaving cream3 products
makeup primer3 products
hand sanitizer3 products
hair-loss treatment3 products
body wash/cleanser2 products
makeup remover2 products
exfoliant/scrub2 products
BB cream2 products
hair spray1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
toners/astringents1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
lip gloss1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
body powder1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
polish remover1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products

Endocrine disruption

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Human endocrine disruptor - strong evidenceEuropean Commission on Endocrine Disruption
One or more studies show significant wildlife and the environment disruptionEuropean Commission on Endocrine Disruption
Limited evidence of endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature
One or more studies show weak endocrine disruptionEWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Human immune toxicant or allergen - moderate evidenceOpen scientific literature
One or more human case studies show possible immune or allergenic effectsOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - anyOpen scientific literature
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
193 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
  • EU (European Union)- Strategy for Endocrine Disrupters 2007. Commision on endocrin disruption requested by the European Parliament in 1998.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • EWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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