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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low) and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick733 products
foundation661 products
lip gloss461 products
eye shadow400 products
lip balm276 products
blush250 products
bronzer/highlighter232 products
concealer157 products
moisturizer151 products
brow liner145 products
facial moisturizer/treatment100 products
lip plumper96 products
eye liner77 products
facial powder70 products
recreational sunscreen64 products
lip liner63 products
nail polish39 products
daily use with SPF34 products
makeup remover33 products
makeup primer31 products
hand cream28 products
facial cleanser26 products
mask25 products
setting powder/spray24 products
lip balm with SPF22 products
around-eye cream19 products
exfoliant/scrub17 products
conditioner17 products
17 products
serums & essences16 products
baby sunscreen14 products
glitter13 products
BB cream13 products
body firming lotion10 products
beard care10 products
hair styling aide9 products
anti-aging8 products
body oil7 products
hair treatment/serum7 products
antiperspirant/deodorant7 products
after sun product6 products
styling gel/lotion6 products
hair color and bleaching6 products
bath oil/salts/soak6 products
cuticle treatment5 products
sunless tanning4 products
after shave4 products
hand sanitizer4 products
CC cream4 products
damaged skin treatment4 products
fragrance for men4 products
tanning oil3 products
foot moisturizer3 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
toners/astringents2 products
shaving cream2 products
body art2 products
beard oil2 products
hair removal waxes1 products
baby lotion1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
oil controller1 products
foot cleansing1 products
hair spray1 products
mascara1 products
fragrance for women1 products
foot odor control1 products
body powder1 products
baby wipes1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
9 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Uncertain environmental toxin and uncertain persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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