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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low) and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick468 products
foundation458 products
eye shadow394 products
lip gloss224 products
blush167 products
bronzer/highlighter158 products
lip balm98 products
concealer91 products
moisturizer80 products
facial moisturizer/treatment68 products
brow liner64 products
recreational sunscreen55 products
facial powder52 products
lip plumper50 products
eye liner50 products
daily use with SPF50 products
lip liner31 products
makeup remover20 products
lip balm with SPF20 products
serums & essences18 products
makeup primer17 products
17 products
body firming lotion16 products
setting powder/spray16 products
conditioner15 products
facial cleanser14 products
hand cream12 products
baby sunscreen12 products
exfoliant/scrub11 products
mask10 products
BB cream10 products
anti-aging9 products
around-eye cream9 products
glitter9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant8 products
hair treatment/serum7 products
beard care7 products
hair styling aide6 products
hair color and bleaching5 products
other eye makeup5 products
tanning oil4 products
styling gel/lotion4 products
CC cream4 products
after sun product3 products
after shave3 products
hand sanitizer3 products
body oil3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
oil controller2 products
depilatory1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
diaper cream1 products
hair spray1 products
eyelash glue1 products
body art1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
beard oil1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - anyJACT 1(2):13-35, 1982 confirmed 09/01; final report 03/2013 available from CIR

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productJACT 1(2):13-35, 1982 confirmed 09/01; final report 03/2013 available from CIR
9 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Uncertain environmental toxin and uncertain persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyJACT 1(2):13-35, 1982 confirmed 09/01; final report 03/2013 available from CIR

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • JACT 1(2):13-35, 1982 confirmed 09/01; final report 03/2013 available from CIR
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


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