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ETHANOL

Score:

Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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hand sanitizer330 products
foundation169 products
facial moisturizer/treatment137 products
mask121 products
lipstick104 products
mouthwash93 products
serums & essences84 products
moisturizer79 products
conditioner79 products
fragrance for women77 products
toners/astringents73 products
facial cleanser70 products
shampoo59 products
daily use with SPF46 products
eye liner45 products
fragrance for men44 products
brow liner44 products
lip gloss44 products
hair treatment/serum39 products
concealer36 products
liquid hand soap34 products
recreational sunscreen34 products
hand cream30 products
antiperspirant/deodorant30 products
mascara29 products
makeup primer27 products
body firming lotion26 products
hair styling aide26 products
around-eye cream25 products
bath oil/salts/soak25 products
exfoliant/scrub24 products
hair spray24 products
body wash/cleanser23 products
hair color and bleaching23 products
hair-loss treatment18 products
setting powder/spray18 products
toothpaste17 products
body spray15 products
eye shadow15 products
lip balm15 products
bronzer/highlighter13 products
12 products
tooth whitening11 products
nail polish10 products
sunless tanning10 products
bar soap9 products
shaving cream9 products
BB cream9 products
makeup remover8 products
after shave6 products
muscle/joint soreness6 products
baby lotion6 products
bubble bath6 products
anti-aging5 products
styling gel/lotion5 products
damaged skin treatment5 products
CC cream5 products
foot moisturizer4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)4 products
oil controller4 products
blush4 products
body oil4 products
baby soap3 products
baby shampoo3 products
eye makeup remover3 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
polish remover2 products
after sun product2 products
foot cleansing2 products
lip plumper2 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
nail treatment1 products
detangler1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
facial powder1 products
eyelash glue1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
foot odor control1 products
lip liner1 products
glitter1 products
beard oil1 products
baby wipes1 products
other men's products1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Ethanol has been found to act as a penetration enhancer for many chemicals.Mutalik S, Udupa N "Effect of some penetration enhancers on the permeation of glibenclamide and glipizide through mouse skin." Pharmazie. 2003 Dec;58(12):891-4. ; Brand RM, Jendrzejewski JL, Henery EM, Charron AR. A single oral dose of ethanol can alter transdermal absorption of topically applied chemicals in rats. Toxicol Sci. 2006 Aug;92(2):349-55. Epub 2006 May 5.

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Limited evidence of sense organ toxicityHarvell, J, M. Bason and H. Maibach. Contact Urticaria and its Mechanisms. Food Chemistry and Toxicology 32(2): 103-112. 1994. (Table 2: Substances identified as capable of causing contact urticaria).

Miscellaneous

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Concern Reference
Occupational hazards related to handlingCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
334201 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Mutalik S, Udupa N "Effect of some penetration enhancers on the permeation of glibenclamide and glipizide through mouse skin." Pharmazie. 2003 Dec;58(12):891-4. ; Brand RM, Jendrzejewski JL, Henery EM, Charron AR. A single oral dose of ethanol can alter transdermal absorption of topically applied chemicals in rats. Toxicol Sci. 2006 Aug;92(2):349-55. Epub 2006 May 5.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • Harvell, J, M. Bason and H. Maibach. Contact Urticaria and its Mechanisms. Food Chemistry and Toxicology 32(2): 103-112. 1994. (Table 2: Substances identified as capable of causing contact urticaria).
  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.

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