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ETHANOL

Score:

Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Multiple, additive exposure sources (high)

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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serums & essences88 products
lipstick74 products
facial moisturizer/treatment71 products
mask67 products
moisturizer with SPF41 products
beach & sport sunscreen36 products
hand sanitizer31 products
conditioner30 products
lip gloss25 products
fragrance for women25 products
facial cleanser24 products
moisturizer23 products
toners/astringents21 products
shampoo18 products
eye liner14 products
body wash/cleanser13 products
foundation13 products
around-eye cream13 products
mascara13 products
mouthwash12 products
exfoliant/scrub11 products
body spray9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant9 products
toothpaste8 products
hair color and bleaching7 products
hair spray7 products
liquid hand soap7 products
BB cream7 products
brow liner7 products
hair styling aide7 products
makeup remover6 products
shaving cream6 products
anti-aging5 products
concealer5 products
after shave4 products
fragrance for men4 products
oil controller4 products
hair treatment/serum4 products
lip balm3 products
nail polish3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
hand cream3 products
makeup primer3 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
body firming lotion2 products
sunless tanning2 products
blush2 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
eye shadow1 products
facial powder1 products
bar soap1 products
after sun product1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
baby lotion1 products
bubble bath1 products
body oil1 products
makeup with SPF1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
diaper cream1 products
CC cream1 products
baby toothpaste1 products
beard oil1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerMutalik S, Udupa N "Effect of some penetration enhancers on the permeation of glibenclamide and glipizide through mouse skin." Pharmazie. 2003 Dec;58(12):891-4. ; Brand RM, Jendrzejewski JL, Henery EM, Charron AR. A single oral dose of ethanol can alter transdermal absorption of topically applied chemicals in rats. Toxicol Sci. 2006 Aug;92(2):349-55. Epub 2006 May 5.

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Limited evidence of sense organ toxicityHarvell, J, M. Bason and H. Maibach. Contact Urticaria and its Mechanisms. Food Chemistry and Toxicology 32(2): 103-112. 1994. (Table 2: Substances identified as capable of causing contact urticaria).

Miscellaneous

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Concern Reference
Occupational hazards related to handlingCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
334201 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Mutalik S, Udupa N "Effect of some penetration enhancers on the permeation of glibenclamide and glipizide through mouse skin." Pharmazie. 2003 Dec;58(12):891-4. ; Brand RM, Jendrzejewski JL, Henery EM, Charron AR. A single oral dose of ethanol can alter transdermal absorption of topically applied chemicals in rats. Toxicol Sci. 2006 Aug;92(2):349-55. Epub 2006 May 5.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • Harvell, J, M. Bason and H. Maibach. Contact Urticaria and its Mechanisms. Food Chemistry and Toxicology 32(2): 103-112. 1994. (Table 2: Substances identified as capable of causing contact urticaria).
  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

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