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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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bar soap212 products
shampoo45 products
body wash/cleanser35 products
conditioner31 products
lipstick30 products
facial cleanser30 products
antiperspirant/deodorant24 products
moisturizer23 products
facial moisturizer/treatment19 products
shaving cream13 products
serums & essences12 products
hair color and bleaching12 products
liquid hand soap11 products
lip balm9 products
body firming lotion9 products
hair treatment/serum8 products
around-eye cream6 products
hand cream6 products
eye liner6 products
body oil5 products
mask5 products
concealer5 products
baby soap5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)5 products
recreational sunscreen5 products
hair styling aide4 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
makeup remover3 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
anti-aging3 products
daily use with SPF3 products
exfoliant/scrub3 products
bronzer/highlighter3 products
diaper cream2 products
makeup primer2 products
beard cleanser2 products
after sun product2 products
baby sunscreen1 products
baby lotion1 products
sunless tanning1 products
detangler1 products
lip balm with SPF1 products
foot cleansing1 products
mascara1 products
hair relaxer1 products
baby shampoo1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
2322 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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