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DMDM HYDANTOIN (FORMALDEHYDE RELEASER)

Score:

Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate), and Contamination concerns (high)

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner136 products
shampoo125 products
body wash/cleanser86 products
hair styling aide58 products
moisturizer52 products
liquid hand soap37 products
facial cleanser32 products
styling gel/lotion28 products
facial moisturizer/treatment22 products
hair treatment/serum21 products
body firming lotion20 products
makeup remover19 products
foundation18 products
exfoliant/scrub12 products
daily use with SPF9 products
after sun product8 products
hair spray7 products
styling mousse/foam7 products
hand sanitizer6 products
detangler6 products
sunless tanning5 products
hand cream5 products
foot moisturizer4 products
serums & essences4 products
concealer4 products
recreational sunscreen4 products
mask3 products
bubble bath3 products
3 products
eye liner3 products
eye makeup remover3 products
foot cleansing2 products
bar soap2 products
hair color and bleaching2 products
around-eye cream2 products
baby lotion2 products
beard cleanser2 products
beard care2 products
anti-aging2 products
nail polish1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
baby oil1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
makeup primer1 products
brow liner1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
toners/astringents1 products
glitter1 products

Contamination concerns

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Chemical
FORMALDEHYDE

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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Concern Reference
Known human immune toxicant or allergenFormaldehyde - Global Harmonized System (GHS) Hazard Codes
Human skin toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
Limited evidence of immune system toxicity or allergiesNational Library of Medicine HazMap

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Japan - restricted for use in some types of cosmetics (concentration limit)Japan's Standards for Cosmetics

Cancer

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Concern Reference
DMDM Hydantoin - forms formaldehyde a carcinogen.IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer) 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99.

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
24 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Informational

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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Formaldehyde - Global Harmonized System (GHS) Hazard Codes
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. 2006. Standards for Cosmetics. Evaluation and Licensing Division. Pharmaceutical and Food Safety Bureau.
  • IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer) 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.

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