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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation371 products
conditioner320 products
mask305 products
facial moisturizer/treatment271 products
moisturizer with SPF271 products
serums & essences254 products
moisturizer244 products
beach & sport sunscreen227 products
shampoo225 products
concealer223 products
facial cleanser192 products
body wash/cleanser147 products
mascara90 products
body firming lotion80 products
hair treatment/serum73 products
hair styling aide70 products
makeup primer69 products
eye liner62 products
hand cream59 products
toners/astringents54 products
hair color and bleaching50 products
exfoliant/scrub48 products
makeup remover47 products
around-eye cream47 products
styling gel/lotion44 products
eye shadow39 products
blush30 products
liquid hand soap27 products
BB cream26 products
anti-aging24 products
brow liner24 products
bronzer/highlighter24 products
bubble bath22 products
after sun product20 products
detangler18 products
CC cream18 products
antiperspirant/deodorant16 products
hair spray15 products
styling mousse/foam15 products
bath oil/salts/soak14 products
lip balm13 products
baby sunscreen13 products
baby shampoo12 products
baby lotion12 products
foot moisturizer11 products
tooth whitening11 products
shaving cream10 products
baby wipes9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)9 products
fragrance for women9 products
sunless tanning9 products
fragrance for men8 products
baby soap8 products
8 products
beard care8 products
body spray7 products
after shave7 products
eye makeup remover7 products
glitter5 products
bar soap5 products
facial powder5 products
lipstick5 products
oil controller5 products
hand sanitizer5 products
shaving cream (men's)5 products
hair relaxer5 products
damaged skin treatment5 products
lip gloss4 products
other eye makeup4 products
foot cleansing3 products
beard cleanser3 products
mouthwash3 products
baby bubble bath3 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
lip plumper2 products
body oil1 products
baby oil1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
depilatory1 products
nail treatment1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
24913 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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