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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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mask360 products
foundation352 products
facial moisturizer/treatment225 products
serums & essences224 products
moisturizer with SPF217 products
conditioner205 products
concealer201 products
beach & sport sunscreen198 products
moisturizer161 products
facial cleanser128 products
shampoo126 products
body wash/cleanser115 products
mascara67 products
hair color and bleaching59 products
eye liner53 products
makeup primer46 products
toners/astringents42 products
hair styling aide42 products
makeup remover39 products
around-eye cream37 products
styling gel/lotion35 products
hair treatment/serum34 products
hand cream31 products
blush30 products
body firming lotion30 products
exfoliant/scrub25 products
eye shadow24 products
BB cream24 products
brow liner19 products
anti-aging18 products
bronzer/highlighter18 products
liquid hand soap16 products
bubble bath15 products
CC cream14 products
hair spray13 products
detangler12 products
lip balm12 products
antiperspirant/deodorant11 products
baby sunscreen11 products
after sun product10 products
bath oil/salts/soak10 products
foot moisturizer8 products
baby shampoo8 products
fragrance for men8 products
shaving cream8 products
styling mousse/foam7 products
baby wipes7 products
body spray7 products
tooth whitening7 products
oil controller6 products
baby soap6 products
fragrance for women5 products
baby lotion5 products
glitter5 products
after shave4 products
eye makeup remover4 products
makeup with SPF4 products
lipstick4 products
sunless tanning4 products
hand sanitizer4 products
hair relaxer4 products
lip gloss4 products
other eye makeup4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
beard care3 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
bar soap2 products
facial powder2 products
mouthwash2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
depilatory1 products
nail treatment1 products
body oil1 products
1 products
lip plumper1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
baby oil1 products
beard cleanser1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
24913 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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