Menu Close Menu




Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
beach & sport sunscreen519 products
moisturizer with SPF383 products
mask312 products
foundation290 products
facial moisturizer/treatment225 products
serums & essences209 products
conditioner158 products
moisturizer136 products
concealer121 products
facial cleanser114 products
shampoo97 products
body firming lotion96 products
body wash/cleanser89 products
Facial Sun Care57 products
BB cream53 products
hair color and bleaching49 products
baby sunscreen44 products
mascara44 products
eye liner43 products
around-eye cream37 products
hair styling aide33 products
makeup primer33 products
makeup remover30 products
styling gel/lotion28 products
toners/astringents26 products
makeup with SPF25 products
blush23 products
hair treatment/serum20 products
exfoliant/scrub20 products
brow liner18 products
hand cream18 products
CC cream17 products
anti-aging17 products
eye shadow14 products
lip balm12 products
liquid hand soap12 products
antiperspirant/deodorant10 products
bronzer/highlighter10 products
detangler10 products
bubble bath10 products
bath oil/salts/soak9 products
hair spray8 products
baby shampoo8 products
after sun product8 products
shaving cream8 products
baby wipes6 products
styling mousse/foam6 products
body spray6 products
oil controller6 products
fragrance for men5 products
baby soap5 products
other eye makeup4 products
foot moisturizer4 products
baby lotion4 products
after shave3 products
eye makeup remover3 products
lipstick3 products
tooth whitening3 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
sunless tanning3 products
hand sanitizer2 products
Tanning Sprays2 products
beard care2 products
facial powder2 products
nail treatment2 products
fragrance for women2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
bar soap2 products
cuticle treatment1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
depilatory1 products
baby oil1 products
body oil1 products
Oils & Serums1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
mouthwash1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
beard cleanser1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
24913 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer