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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner671 products
foundation622 products
mask606 products
moisturizer543 products
shampoo482 products
facial moisturizer/treatment455 products
body wash/cleanser441 products
facial cleanser387 products
concealer344 products
daily use with SPF304 products
recreational sunscreen257 products
serums & essences206 products
hair treatment/serum194 products
liquid hand soap176 products
hair styling aide135 products
mascara128 products
exfoliant/scrub121 products
makeup primer118 products
around-eye cream109 products
hand cream108 products
toners/astringents106 products
styling gel/lotion105 products
hair color and bleaching90 products
eye liner86 products
CC cream84 products
makeup remover81 products
anti-aging71 products
eye shadow64 products
bubble bath60 products
body firming lotion56 products
brow liner53 products
blush49 products
tooth whitening47 products
antiperspirant/deodorant47 products
BB cream44 products
setting powder/spray44 products
baby wipes38 products
38 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)34 products
bronzer/highlighter34 products
styling mousse/foam29 products
foot moisturizer28 products
after sun product28 products
hair spray28 products
baby shampoo27 products
detangler24 products
hand sanitizer23 products
baby sunscreen23 products
shaving cream21 products
baby soap21 products
beard care21 products
after shave19 products
baby lotion19 products
body spray17 products
sunless tanning17 products
lip balm17 products
skin fading/lightener15 products
bar soap15 products
damaged skin treatment15 products
foot cleansing14 products
bath oil/salts/soak14 products
lipstick14 products
mouthwash12 products
shaving cream (men's)11 products
eye makeup remover10 products
fragrance for women8 products
fragrance for men6 products
lip gloss6 products
beard cleanser6 products
cuticle treatment5 products
oil controller5 products
muscle/joint soreness5 products
nail treatment4 products
lip plumper4 products
facial powder4 products
baby bubble bath4 products
hair relaxer3 products
other eye makeup3 products
foot odor control3 products
beard oil3 products
tanning oil2 products
body oil2 products
depilatory1 products
glitter1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
lip liner1 products
eyelash glue1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
24913 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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