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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner569 products
mask516 products
foundation472 products
shampoo394 products
facial moisturizer/treatment384 products
moisturizer369 products
daily use with SPF334 products
facial cleanser333 products
body wash/cleanser333 products
concealer316 products
recreational sunscreen310 products
serums & essences165 products
hair treatment/serum160 products
hair styling aide141 products
body firming lotion134 products
mascara133 products
liquid hand soap132 products
makeup primer108 products
toners/astringents99 products
styling gel/lotion98 products
hair color and bleaching93 products
eye liner90 products
exfoliant/scrub86 products
around-eye cream86 products
hand cream78 products
makeup remover74 products
CC cream67 products
bubble bath60 products
anti-aging52 products
eye shadow52 products
blush45 products
brow liner44 products
BB cream42 products
bronzer/highlighter39 products
antiperspirant/deodorant37 products
tooth whitening32 products
after sun product31 products
setting powder/spray31 products
baby sunscreen30 products
baby shampoo28 products
baby wipes26 products
hair spray25 products
styling mousse/foam24 products
detangler24 products
shaving cream23 products
foot moisturizer21 products
beard care20 products
baby lotion19 products
hand sanitizer18 products
bath oil/salts/soak18 products
after shave15 products
body spray15 products
sunless tanning15 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)15 products
lip balm15 products
15 products
baby soap13 products
bar soap13 products
lipstick12 products
foot cleansing11 products
eye makeup remover10 products
skin fading/lightener10 products
fragrance for women9 products
fragrance for men8 products
shaving cream (men's)8 products
mouthwash8 products
beard cleanser7 products
lip gloss6 products
damaged skin treatment6 products
oil controller5 products
glitter5 products
hair relaxer5 products
other eye makeup5 products
facial powder4 products
muscle/joint soreness4 products
nail treatment3 products
lip plumper3 products
body oil3 products
baby bubble bath3 products
foot odor control3 products
beard oil2 products
cuticle treatment1 products
depilatory1 products
nail polish1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
eyelash glue1 products
baby oil1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
24913 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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