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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Ecotoxicology (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation787 products
eye shadow452 products
lipstick346 products
bronzer/highlighter304 products
moisturizer with SPF297 products
moisturizer288 products
beach & sport sunscreen241 products
concealer240 products
blush190 products
facial moisturizer/treatment170 products
serums & essences132 products
conditioner115 products
facial powder99 products
mask83 products
brow liner80 products
shampoo77 products
makeup primer72 products
lip liner62 products
eye liner53 products
hair treatment/serum42 products
body firming lotion41 products
mascara37 products
antiperspirant/deodorant36 products
BB cream36 products
hand cream35 products
around-eye cream33 products
CC cream33 products
hair color and bleaching26 products
hair styling aide24 products
lip gloss23 products
lip balm21 products
anti-aging20 products
baby lotion16 products
styling gel/lotion15 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)14 products
body wash/cleanser13 products
foot moisturizer13 products
lip balm with SPF13 products
baby sunscreen13 products
other eye makeup12 products
makeup remover11 products
sunless tanning10 products
shaving cream8 products
exfoliant/scrub7 products
detangler7 products
glitter6 products
nail treatment5 products
makeup with SPF5 products
diaper cream4 products
after shave4 products
oil controller4 products
hand sanitizer4 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
nail polish3 products
hair spray2 products
facial cleanser2 products
after sun product2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
beard oil2 products
baby wipes1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
toners/astringents1 products
body oil1 products
hair relaxer1 products
toothpaste1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
foot odor control1 products
baby oil1 products
bar soap1 products
foot cleansing1 products
depilatory1 products
fragrance for men1 products
eyelash glue1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
beard care1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Product type restrictions or differences noted in safety assessment by industry panelCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
218 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer