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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Ecotoxicology (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation1052 products
eye shadow603 products
lipstick508 products
concealer412 products
bronzer/highlighter391 products
moisturizer315 products
moisturizer with SPF298 products
beach & sport sunscreen240 products
blush222 products
facial moisturizer/treatment197 products
serums & essences141 products
conditioner134 products
facial powder129 products
shampoo102 products
brow liner96 products
eye liner89 products
makeup primer87 products
mask86 products
lip liner66 products
mascara53 products
hand cream49 products
body firming lotion49 products
hair treatment/serum46 products
BB cream40 products
around-eye cream38 products
antiperspirant/deodorant36 products
CC cream33 products
hair styling aide33 products
hair color and bleaching32 products
lip balm26 products
anti-aging21 products
body wash/cleanser21 products
styling gel/lotion20 products
baby lotion20 products
lip gloss17 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)16 products
foot moisturizer15 products
baby sunscreen13 products
lip balm with SPF13 products
makeup remover12 products
glitter12 products
other eye makeup12 products
sunless tanning11 products
shaving cream8 products
makeup with SPF8 products
diaper cream7 products
detangler7 products
exfoliant/scrub7 products
nail treatment7 products
nail polish5 products
hand sanitizer5 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
oil controller4 products
after shave4 products
fragrance for men3 products
3 products
hair spray3 products
facial cleanser2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
baby oil2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
fragrance for women2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
beard oil2 products
beard care2 products
foot odor control1 products
body oil1 products
after sun product1 products
toners/astringents1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
depilatory1 products
eyelash glue1 products
bar soap1 products
toothpaste1 products
foot cleansing1 products
hair relaxer1 products
baby wipes1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Product type restrictions or differences noted in safety assessment by industry panelCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
218 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer