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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Ecotoxicology (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation1263 products
eye shadow767 products
lipstick669 products
concealer543 products
moisturizer511 products
bronzer/highlighter481 products
daily use with SPF386 products
facial moisturizer/treatment314 products
conditioner305 products
recreational sunscreen300 products
blush263 products
serums & essences185 products
body firming lotion173 products
shampoo171 products
facial powder169 products
makeup primer120 products
brow liner107 products
hair treatment/serum105 products
eye liner99 products
hand cream94 products
antiperspirant/deodorant88 products
mask88 products
hair styling aide76 products
mascara69 products
around-eye cream64 products
lip liner64 products
BB cream64 products
CC cream59 products
anti-aging52 products
baby sunscreen50 products
baby lotion43 products
hair color and bleaching42 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)42 products
lip balm31 products
28 products
styling gel/lotion27 products
setting powder/spray27 products
foot moisturizer26 products
body wash/cleanser25 products
sunless tanning24 products
makeup remover23 products
lip gloss23 products
exfoliant/scrub17 products
facial cleanser16 products
nail polish16 products
lip balm with SPF16 products
other eye makeup14 products
glitter12 products
diaper cream10 products
shaving cream10 products
detangler9 products
after sun product9 products
hand sanitizer8 products
hair spray7 products
baby oil7 products
after shave6 products
shaving cream (men's)5 products
oil controller5 products
foot cleansing5 products
fragrance for women4 products
nail treatment4 products
body oil4 products
damaged skin treatment4 products
beard care4 products
styling mousse/foam3 products
fragrance for men3 products
toners/astringents3 products
bar soap3 products
cuticle treatment2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
foot odor control1 products
hair relaxer1 products
tanning oil1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
depilatory1 products
eyelash glue1 products
beard oil1 products
toothpaste1 products
baby wipes1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Product type restrictions or differences noted in safety assessment by industry panelCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
218 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer