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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low) and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner50 products
shampoo43 products
moisturizer39 products
lipstick34 products
hair styling aide34 products
body firming lotion20 products
mask19 products
hair treatment/serum19 products
after sun product18 products
styling gel/lotion17 products
body wash/cleanser12 products
foundation11 products
concealer11 products
facial moisturizer/treatment10 products
exfoliant/scrub10 products
foot moisturizer9 products
daily use with SPF8 products
facial cleanser7 products
styling mousse/foam7 products
recreational sunscreen7 products
hair spray7 products
serums & essences6 products
toners/astringents5 products
facial powder5 products
anti-aging4 products
shaving cream3 products
hand cream3 products
CC cream3 products
detangler3 products
mascara3 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
sunless tanning2 products
around-eye cream2 products
makeup remover2 products
eye shadow2 products
after shave2 products
baby sunscreen2 products
eye liner2 products
brow liner2 products
fragrance for women1 products
nail polish1 products
bar soap1 products
1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
foot cleansing1 products
lip gloss1 products
tanning oil1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
makeup primer1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products

Contamination concerns

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Concern Reference
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature
Human skin toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceEWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature
Human skin toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
Human any toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of immune system toxicity or allergiesNational Library of Medicine HazMap


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Concern Reference
Cancer - limited evidenceOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - anyOpen scientific literature
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
58 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • EWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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