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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low) and Occupational hazards (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation168 products
conditioner132 products
shampoo105 products
eye shadow75 products
moisturizer68 products
facial cleanser65 products
body wash/cleanser64 products
facial moisturizer/treatment64 products
hair treatment/serum61 products
facial powder48 products
makeup remover47 products
liquid hand soap42 products
mask41 products
exfoliant/scrub38 products
bronzer/highlighter35 products
hair styling aide35 products
lipstick33 products
hand cream33 products
concealer31 products
serums & essences29 products
lip balm28 products
brow liner25 products
body firming lotion24 products
blush24 products
setting powder/spray19 products
toners/astringents18 products
styling gel/lotion17 products
eye liner13 products
mascara12 products
makeup primer11 products
detangler10 products
around-eye cream10 products
daily use with SPF9 products
baby wipes9 products
baby shampoo8 products
eye makeup remover8 products
hair spray8 products
baby soap6 products
foot moisturizer6 products
sunless tanning5 products
hair color and bleaching5 products
BB cream5 products
shaving cream5 products
recreational sunscreen4 products
beard cleanser4 products
fragrance for women4 products
styling mousse/foam3 products
bubble bath3 products
bar soap3 products
3 products
after sun product3 products
beard care3 products
body spray2 products
lip plumper2 products
bath oil/salts/soak2 products
after shave2 products
CC cream2 products
lip gloss1 products
lip balm with SPF1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
beard oil1 products
tanning oil1 products
anti-aging1 products
baby lotion1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
oil controller1 products

Occupational hazards

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Concern Reference
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low dosesCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as toxic or harmfulCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
1538 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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