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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low) and Occupational hazards (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation103 products
conditioner84 products
eye shadow61 products
shampoo54 products
facial moisturizer/treatment38 products
body wash/cleanser35 products
moisturizer30 products
facial cleanser29 products
hair treatment/serum27 products
serums & essences25 products
makeup remover25 products
facial powder20 products
mask20 products
blush18 products
lip balm14 products
hand cream13 products
liquid hand soap13 products
bronzer/highlighter13 products
styling gel/lotion9 products
mascara9 products
exfoliant/scrub8 products
moisturizer with SPF6 products
hair styling aide6 products
hair color and bleaching5 products
around-eye cream4 products
foot moisturizer4 products
toners/astringents4 products
beard cleanser4 products
fragrance for women4 products
sunless tanning4 products
beach & sport sunscreen4 products
eye liner3 products
makeup primer3 products
baby soap3 products
hair spray3 products
baby wipes3 products
eye makeup remover3 products
concealer3 products
baby shampoo3 products
bath oil/salts/soak2 products
shaving cream2 products
after sun product2 products
body firming lotion2 products
detangler2 products
bubble bath2 products
beard care2 products
nail treatment1 products
oil controller1 products
bar soap1 products
lip balm with SPF1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
body spray1 products
lip gloss1 products
beard oil1 products

Occupational hazards

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Concern Reference
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low dosesCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as toxic or harmfulCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
1538 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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