D&C Yellow No. 11 (Ci 47000)
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for damaged skin due to increased risk of absorption.
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around mouth due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use on lips due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around the eyes due to increased risk of absorption.
- Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.
Other ConcernsUse restrictions (high), Endocrine disruption (low), and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
SYNONYMS1H-INDENE-1,3(2H)-DIONE, 2-(2-QUINOLINYL)-, 1H-INDENE-1,3-(2H)-DIONE, 2-(2-QUINOLINYL)-, 2-(2-QUINOLINYL)- 1H-INDENE-1,3-(2H)-DIONE, 2-(2-QUINOLYL)-1,3-INDANDIONE, 2-(2-QUINOLYL)-1H-INDENE-1,3(2H)-DIONE, ALKALINE CONDENSATION OF 4-NITROTOLUENE-2-SULFONIC ACID, BENZENESULFONIC ACID, 2-METHYL-5-NITRO-, ALK. COND. PRODUCTS, C.I. DIRECT YELLOW 11, CI 47000, D&C YELLOW 11, D&C YELLOW NO. 11, D&C YELLOW NO. 11 (CI 47000), FD&C YELLOW 11, JAPAN YELLOW 204, QUINOLINE YELLOW SS, QUINOLPHTHALONE, YELLOW 11, YELLOW 204, and YELLOW NO. 204
Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation
Yellow 11 is classed chemically as a quinoline color.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|nail polish||136 products|
|polish remover||35 products|
|hair treatment/serum||20 products|
|body oil||4 products|
|styling gel/lotion||2 products|
|recreational sunscreen||2 products|
|hair styling aide||2 products|
|fragrance for men||1 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||1 products|
|baby sunscreen||1 products|
|tanning oil||1 products|
|liquid hand soap||1 products|
|serums & essences||1 products|
|nail treatment||1 products|
|hair-loss treatment||1 products|
|fragrance for women||1 products|
|Violation of government restrictions - Banned or found unsafe for use in cosmetics||CTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook|
|Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics: external use only||FDA Color Additive Status|
|Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - any||Open scientific literature|
|Limited evidence of carcinogenicity||Open scientific literature|
|One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results||Open scientific literature|
|One or more human case studies show possible any or allergenic effects||Open scientific literature|
|Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergies||Open scientific literature|
|One or more animal studies show any or allergenic effects at moderate doses||Open scientific literature|
|Limited evidence of any toxicity||Open scientific literature|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|One or more animal studies show any effects at high doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient)||Open scientific literature|
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Open scientific literature|
|Associated with endocrine disruption||Open scientific literature|
|Occupational hazards related to handling||Open scientific literature|
|38 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Open scientific literature|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Open scientific literature|
|Not suspected to be persistent||Open scientific literature|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration||CTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics: external use only||FDA Color Additive Status|
- CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.