D&C Yellow No. 10 (Ci 47005) Aluminum Lake
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
- Products with this ingredient are allowed for use in EWG VERIFIED but must meet use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.
- Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.
Other ConcernsUse restrictions (high), Neurotoxicity (low), Endocrine disruption (low), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low), and Contamination concerns (high)
SYNONYMSC.I. PIGMENT YELLOW 115, D AND C YELLOW NO. 10, ALUMINUM LAKE, D&C YELLOW 10 AL LAKE, D&C YELLOW 10 ALUMINUM LAKE, D&C YELLOW 10 LAKE, D&C YELLOW NO. 10 (CI 47005) ALUMINUM LAKE, D&C YELLOW NO. 10 AL LAKE, D&C YELLOW NO. 10 ALUMINUM LAKE, YELLOW 10 ALUMINUM LAKE, and YELLOW 10 LAKE
Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation
In industrial production of colorants, the term 'lake' is applied to pigments or dyes that are precipitated with metal salts such as aluminum, calcium, barium, or others. Most lake pigments are synthetically produced from coal tar or petroleum.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|nail polish||82 products|
|lip gloss||21 products|
|lip balm||17 products|
|body oil||9 products|
|lip plumper||2 products|
|eye shadow||2 products|
|recreational sunscreen||2 products|
|lip balm with SPF||1 products|
|nail treatment||1 products|
|nail glue||1 products|
|eye liner||1 products|
|Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - any||Open scientific literature|
|Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - any||FDA Color Additive Status|
|One or more human case studies show possible immune or allergenic effects||Open scientific literature|
|One or more human case studies show possible nervous system effects||Open scientific literature|
Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
|Limited evidence of any irritation||Open scientific literature|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Limited evidence of any toxicity||Scorecard.org Toxicity Information|
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as a low human health priority||Open scientific literature|
|One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results||Open scientific literature|
|Associated with endocrine disruption||Open scientific literature|
|One or more animal studies show any effects at high doses||Open scientific literature|
|Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulative (uncertainty in environmental toxicity or persistence/bioaccumulation)||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Uncertain environmental toxin and uncertain persistent or bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Open scientific literature|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives Lakes - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration||CTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be persistent||Open scientific literature|
|0 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
- ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site. http://www.scorecard.org.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.