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Data: Fair

D&C Violet No. 2 (Ci 60725)

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for damaged skin due to increased risk of absorption.
  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around mouth due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use on lips due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around the eyes due to increased risk of absorption.

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

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Other Concerns

Use restrictions (high), Endocrine disruption (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Ecotoxicology (low)

SYNONYMS

1-HYDROXY-4-(4-METHYLANILINO)ANTHRAQUINONE, 1-HYDROXY-4-(P-TOLUIDINO)ANTHRAQUINONE, 1-HYDROXY-4-Y -TOLUIDINO ANTHRAQUINONE, 1-HYDROXY-4-[(4-METHYLPHENYL)AMINO]- 9,10-ANTHRACENEDIONE, 1-HYDROXY-4-[(4-METHYLPHENYL)AMINO]-9,10-ANTHRACENEDIONE, 4-HYDROXY-1-(P-TOLUIDINO)ANTHRAQUINONE, 9,10-ANTHRACENEDIONE, 1-HYDROXY-4-[(4-METHYLPHENYL)AMINO]-, 9,10ANTHRACENEDIONE, 1HYDROXY4[(4METHYLPHENYL)AMINO], ANTHRAQUINONE, 1-HYDROXY-4-Y -TOLUIDINO, BENZENEMETHANAMINIUM, N-[4-[[4-(DIMETHYLAMINO)PHENYL][4-[ETHYL[(3-SULFOPHENYL)METHYL]AMINO]PHENYL]METHYLENE]-2,5-CYCLOHEXADIEN-1-YLIDENE]-N-ETHYL-3-SULFO-, INNER SALT, SODIUM SALT, BENZENEMETHANAMINIUM, N[4[[4(DIMETHYLAMINO)PHENYL][4[ETHYL[(3SULFOPHENYL)METHYL]AMINO]PHENYL]METHYLENE]2,5CYCLOHEXADIEN1YLIDENE]NETHYL3SULFO, HYDROXIDE, INNER SALT, SODIUM SALT, CI 60725, D&C VIOLET 2, D&C VIOLET NO. 2, D&C VIOLET NO. 2 (CI 60725), DISPERSE BLUE 72, FD&C VIOLET 2, JAPAN V IOLET 201, JAPAN VIOLET 201, MURASAKI201, VIOLET 2, VIOLET 201, VIOLET NO. 201, and [4-[[4-(DIMETHYLAMINO)PHENYL][4-[ETHYL(3-SULPHONATOBENZYL)AMINO]PHENYL]METHYLENE]CYCLOHEXA-2,5-DIEN-1-YLIDENE](ETHYL)(3-SULPHONATOBENZYL)AMMONIUM, SODIUM SALT

D&C Violet 2 is a synthetic dye produced from petroleum or coal tar sources; this dye is FDA-approved for use in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • LOW
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reingredientive Toxicity
  • HIGH
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
nail polish261 products
nail treatment17 products
body wash/cleanser14 products
fragrance for women11 products
antiperspirant/deodorant9 products
body spray8 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)8 products
hair treatment/serum8 products
polish remover7 products
shampoo7 products
mask7 products
conditioner6 products
styling gel/lotion5 products
bar soap3 products
fragrance for men3 products
liquid hand soap3 products
facial moisturizer/treatment2 products
hair styling aide2 products
bath oil/salts/soak2 products
hair color and bleaching2 products
nail glue2 products
2 products
moisturizer2 products
eye shadow2 products
facial cleanser2 products
serums & essences1 products
recreational sunscreen1 products
daily use with SPF1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
body oil1 products
exfoliant/scrub1 products
baby shampoo1 products

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics: external use onlyFDA Color Additive Status

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature
One or more animal studies show any or allergenic effects at moderate dosesOpen scientific literature

Cancer

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Cancer - limited evidenceSilent Spring's Mammary Carcinogens Reviews Database

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Wildlife and environmental toxicityOpen scientific literature

Endocrine disruption

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Associated with endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
94 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive used in medical devicesFDA Color Additive Status

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • Rudel RA, KR Attfield, JN Schifano and JG Brody. Chemicals Causing Mammary Gland Tumors in Animals Signal New Directions for Epidemiology, Chemicals Testing, and Risk Assessment for Breast Cancer Prevention. CANCER Supplement. 2007 Jun 15;109(12):2635-2666.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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