D&C Red No. 36 (Ci 12085)
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around the eyes due to increased risk of absorption.
Other ConcernsUse restrictions (high), Endocrine disruption (low), Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Ecotoxicology (low)
SYNONYMS1-[(2-CHLORO-4-NITROPHENYL)AZO]- 2-NAPHTHALENOL, 1-[(2-CHLORO-4-NITROPHENYL)AZO]-2-NAPHTHALENOL, 1-[(2-CHLORO-4-NITROPHENYL)AZO]-2-NAPHTHOL, 2-NAPHTHALENOL, 1-[(2-CHLORO-4-NITROPHENYL)AZO]-, 2NAPHTHALENOL, 1[(2CHLORO4NITROPHENYL)AZO], AKA228, CI 12085, D&C RED 36, D&C RED NO. 36, D&C RED NO. 36 (CI 12085), RED 228, RED 36, and RED NO. 228
Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation
Red 36 is classed chemically as a monoazo color.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Color additive not approved by FDA for cosmetics used around eyes||FDA Color Additive Status|
|Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Color additive approved by FDA for limited uses in cosmetics||FDA Color Additive Status|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife||Canada PBTs - Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics (ARET)|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as expected to be toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Associated with endocrine disruption||Open scientific literature|
|Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|9 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive not approved by FDA for cosmetics used around eyes||FDA Color Additive Status|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration||CTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook|
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
- EC (Environment Canada). 1994. Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics (ARET). ARET substance list of persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic chemicals.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
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