D&C Red No. 17 (Ci 26100)
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for damaged skin due to increased risk of absorption.
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around mouth due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use on lips due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around the eyes due to increased risk of absorption.
- Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.
Other ConcernsUse restrictions (high), Endocrine disruption (low), Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), Ecotoxicology (low), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low), and Contamination concerns (high)
SYNONYMS1-(4-(PHENYLAZO)PHENYLAZO)-2-NAPHTHOL, 1-(P-PHENYULAZOPHENYLAZO)- 2-NAPHTHOL, 1-[[4-(PHENYLAZO)PHENYL]AZO]- 2-NAPHTHALENOL, 1-[[4-(PHENYLAZO)PHENYL]AZO]-2-NAPHTHALENOL, 2-NAPHTHALENOL, 1-[[4-(PHENYLAZO)PHENYL]AZO]-, 2-NAPHTHOL, 1-(P-PHENYULAZOPHENYLAZO)-, 2NAPHTHALENOL, 1[[4(PHENYLAZO)PHENYL]AZO], AKA225, CI 26100, D&C RED 17, D&C RED NO. 17, D&C RED NO. 17 (CI 26100), FD&C RED 17, RED 17, RED 225, RED NO. 225, SUDAN III, SUDAN RED BK, and TETRAZOBENZENE-BETA-NAPHTHOL
Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation
Red 17 is classed chemically as a disazo color.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|hair treatment/serum||15 products|
|polish remover||9 products|
|body oil||4 products|
|nail polish||3 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||3 products|
|hair color and bleaching||2 products|
|body spray||2 products|
|nail treatment||2 products|
|serums & essences||1 products|
|hair styling aide||1 products|
|recreational sunscreen||1 products|
|fragrance for men||1 products|
|hair-loss treatment||1 products|
|bar soap||1 products|
|tanning oil||1 products|
|fragrance for women||1 products|
|sunless tanning||1 products|
|Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics: external use only||FDA Color Additive Status|
|Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmetics||Canada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife||Canada PBTs - Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics (ARET)|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as expected to be toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as toxic or harmful.||Open scientific literature|
Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
|Limited evidence of any irritation||Open scientific literature|
|Limited evidence of any irritation||Open scientific literature|
|Cancer - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed||Open scientific literature|
|Not likely to be carcinogenic in humans||Open scientific literature|
|Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gaps||Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens|
|One or more studies show weak endocrine disruption||Open scientific literature|
|Associated with endocrine disruption||Open scientific literature|
|Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Limited evidence of environmental toxicity or persistence||Open scientific literature|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics: external use only||FDA Color Additive Status|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration||CTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook|
|409 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
- Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
- EC (Environment Canada). 1994. Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics (ARET). ARET substance list of persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic chemicals.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
- CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
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