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Data: Fair

D&C Orange No. 4 (Ci 15510)

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for damaged skin due to increased risk of absorption.
  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around mouth due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use on lips due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around the eyes due to increased risk of absorption.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

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Other Concerns

Use restrictions (high), Endocrine disruption (low), Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)

SYNONYMS

4-((2-HYDROXY-1-NAPHTHALENYL)AZO)-BENZENESULFONIC ACID, MONOSODIUM SALT, 4-[(2-HYDROXY-1-NAPHTHYL)AZO]BENZENESULFONIC ACID, SODIUM SALT, ACID ORANGE 7, MONOSODIUM SALT, BENZENESULFONIC ACID, 4[(2HYDROXY1NAPHTHALENYL)AZO], MONOSODIUM SALT, CI 15510, D&C ORANGE 4, D&C ORANGE NO. 4, D&C ORANGE NO. 4 (CI 15510), FD&C ORANGE 4, MONOSODIUM SALT ACID ORANGE 7, NAPHTHOL ORANGE, ORANGE 2 SODIUM SALT, ORANGE 4, ORANGE N O. 205, and SODIUM 4-[(2-HYDROXY-1-NAPHTHYL)AZO]BENZENESULPHONATE

Orange 4 is classed chemically as a monoazo color.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • LOW
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reingredientive Toxicity
  • HIGH
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
bar soap23 products
shampoo17 products
moisturizer15 products
liquid hand soap15 products
facial cleanser12 products
body wash/cleanser10 products
conditioner9 products
baby shampoo7 products
fragrance for women6 products
mask5 products
hair treatment/serum4 products
fragrance for men4 products
sunless tanning4 products
exfoliant/scrub4 products
body spray3 products
body firming lotion3 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
hair color and bleaching2 products
toners/astringents2 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
bubble bath2 products
hand cream2 products
makeup remover1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
vapor rubs1 products
serums & essences1 products
BB cream1 products
hair styling aide1 products
hair spray1 products
nail treatment1 products
hair relaxer1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics: external use onlyFDA Color Additive Status

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Persistent or bioaccumulative and moderate to high toxicity concern in humansEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as toxic or harmful.Open scientific literature
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited evidence of any irritationOpen scientific literature

Endocrine disruption

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Associated with endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Wildlife and environmental toxicityOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics: external use onlyFDA Color Additive Status

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
640 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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