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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Ecotoxicology (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation337 products
lipstick143 products
concealer141 products
daily use with SPF77 products
CC cream64 products
brow liner44 products
serums & essences39 products
makeup primer37 products
facial moisturizer/treatment35 products
mask34 products
eye liner22 products
hair treatment/serum20 products
recreational sunscreen20 products
conditioner17 products
eye shadow17 products
around-eye cream15 products
moisturizer13 products
bronzer/highlighter13 products
lip balm13 products
body firming lotion12 products
11 products
BB cream9 products
mascara9 products
hair spray8 products
eye makeup remover7 products
lip balm with SPF7 products
blush7 products
anti-aging5 products
hair styling aide5 products
styling mousse/foam4 products
sunless tanning4 products
hand cream3 products
makeup remover3 products
detangler2 products
body oil2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
other eye makeup2 products
toners/astringents2 products
facial powder1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
after shave1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
shaving cream1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
facial cleanser1 products
shampoo1 products
lip gloss1 products
foot moisturizer1 products

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeCanada PBTs - Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics (ARET)

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
40 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 1994. Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics (ARET). ARET substance list of persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic chemicals.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.


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