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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Ecotoxicology (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation394 products
concealer230 products
lipstick154 products
daily use with SPF72 products
CC cream68 products
eye shadow66 products
facial moisturizer/treatment49 products
makeup primer44 products
brow liner43 products
mask33 products
eye liner26 products
hair treatment/serum25 products
moisturizer24 products
conditioner22 products
blush21 products
recreational sunscreen21 products
serums & essences21 products
around-eye cream15 products
BB cream13 products
lip balm13 products
mascara12 products
lip gloss11 products
facial powder11 products
10 products
bronzer/highlighter9 products
anti-aging9 products
lip balm with SPF9 products
sunless tanning7 products
body firming lotion7 products
hair styling aide7 products
eye makeup remover7 products
hair spray6 products
styling mousse/foam5 products
detangler4 products
hand cream4 products
makeup remover4 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
shampoo2 products
body oil2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
exfoliant/scrub2 products
toners/astringents2 products
baby sunscreen1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
lip liner1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
after shave1 products
facial cleanser1 products
cuticle treatment1 products

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeCanada PBTs - Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics (ARET)

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
40 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 1994. Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics (ARET). ARET substance list of persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic chemicals.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.


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