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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW_MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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body wash/cleanser49 products
shampoo28 products
conditioner22 products
facial cleanser16 products
mask16 products
moisturizer14 products
baby shampoo14 products
toothpaste11 products
facial moisturizer/treatment10 products
liquid hand soap9 products
hair treatment/serum8 products
baby soap7 products
bubble bath6 products
hair styling aide5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant4 products
hand cream4 products
serums & essences4 products
around-eye cream3 products
shaving cream2 products
bath oil/salts/soak2 products
baby lotion2 products
daily use with SPF2 products
hair color and bleaching2 products
sunless tanning2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
body firming lotion2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
toners/astringents1 products
bar soap1 products
lip plumper1 products
1 products
brow liner1 products
anti-aging1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
tooth whitening1 products
detangler1 products
exfoliant/scrub1 products


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Concern Reference
One or more human case studies show possible immune and respiratory or allergenic effectsAssociation of Occupational and Environmental Clinics

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
1389 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyIJT 34 (S1): 35-65, 2015

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • IJT 34 (S1): 35-65, 2015


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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