Cancer: Ingredients linked to cancer in government, industry or academic studies or assessments.
Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity
Developmental and reproductive toxicity: Ingredients linked to developmental and reproductive toxicity, a broad class of health effects that range from infertility and reproductive organ cancers to birth defects and developmental delays in children.
Allergies & Immunotoxicity
Allergies and immunotoxicity: Ingredients linked to harm to the immune system, a class of health problems that manifest as allergic reactions or an impaired capacity to fight disease and repair damaged tissue in the body.
Products with this Ingredient
|fragrance for women||163 products|
|hair treatment/serum||159 products|
|fragrance for men||103 products|
|body wash/cleanser||86 products|
|hair styling aide||73 products|
|body spray||63 products|
|styling gel/lotion||48 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||48 products|
|hand cream||45 products|
|hair spray||39 products|
|bar soap||39 products|
|hair color and bleaching||34 products|
|sunless tanning||26 products|
|body oil||25 products|
|antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)||25 products|
|serums & essences||24 products|
|liquid hand soap||23 products|
|facial cleanser||17 products|
|body firming lotion||14 products|
|hand sanitizer||14 products|
|daily use with SPF||14 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||12 products|
|after shave||11 products|
|styling mousse/foam||10 products|
|setting powder/spray||10 products|
|shaving cream (men's)||6 products|
|foot moisturizer||6 products|
|beard oil||6 products|
|shaving cream||5 products|
|baby lotion||5 products|
|beard care||5 products|
|recreational sunscreen||4 products|
|bubble bath||4 products|
|baby shampoo||4 products|
|baby soap||4 products|
|makeup remover||3 products|
|tanning oil||3 products|
|around-eye cream||3 products|
|lip balm||3 products|
|brow liner||3 products|
|skin fading/lightener||2 products|
|cuticle treatment||2 products|
|body powder||2 products|
|after sun product||2 products|
|baby bubble bath||2 products|
|makeup primer||2 products|
|facial powder||1 products|
|eyelash glue||1 products|
|muscle/joint soreness||1 products|
|hair removal waxes||1 products|
|nail glue||1 products|
|damaged skin treatment||1 products|
|baby wipes||1 products|
|Known human immune system toxicant or allergen||SCCPNFP Opinion on Fragrance Allergy|
|Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergies||Open scientific literature|
|Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)||International Fragrance Association Codes & Standards|
|Restricted in cosmetics - labeling requirement for allergens||CosIng|
|Cancer - limited evidence||Scorecard.org Toxicity Information|
|Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gaps||Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens|
|Prohibited for use in food||FDA Food Additive Status|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - The substance was formerly approved as a food additive but is now banned; there may be some toxicology data available.||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|8313 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
- SCCPNFP (Scientific Committee On Cosmetic Products And Non-Food Products). 1999. Opinion Concerning Fragrance Allergy In Consumers. . SCCNFP/0017/98 Final, December 1999; and SCCPNFP (Scientific Committee On Cosmetic Products And Non-Food Products). 2000. An Initial List Of Perfumery Materials Which Must Not Form Part Of Fragrances Compounds Used In Cosmetic Products. SCCNFP/0320/00, final May 2000.
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- IFRA (International Fragrance Association). 2006. Codes and Standards.
- European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/ .
- ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site. http://www.scorecard.org.
- IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.
ABOUT THE SKIN DEEP® RATINGS
EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer
ABOUT EWG VERIFIED™
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer