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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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fragrance for women163 products
hair treatment/serum157 products
shampoo151 products
conditioner148 products
moisturizer147 products
fragrance for men103 products
body wash/cleanser86 products
hair styling aide73 products
body spray62 products
antiperspirant/deodorant51 products
styling gel/lotion47 products
facial moisturizer/treatment47 products
hand cream45 products
bar soap39 products
foundation39 products
hair spray38 products
hair color and bleaching33 products
mask33 products
sunless tanning26 products
body oil24 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)24 products
serums & essences24 products
liquid hand soap23 products
exfoliant/scrub21 products
facial cleanser17 products
detangler15 products
body firming lotion14 products
hand sanitizer14 products
daily use with SPF14 products
bath oil/salts/soak12 products
after shave11 products
styling mousse/foam10 products
setting powder/spray10 products
toners/astringents9 products
bronzer/highlighter8 products
concealer8 products
7 products
shaving cream (men's)6 products
anti-aging6 products
foot moisturizer6 products
beard oil6 products
baby lotion5 products
beard care5 products
shaving cream4 products
recreational sunscreen4 products
bubble bath4 products
baby shampoo4 products
baby soap4 products
makeup remover3 products
tanning oil3 products
around-eye cream3 products
blush3 products
lip balm3 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
body powder2 products
after sun product2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
makeup primer2 products
facial powder1 products
eyelash glue1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
nail glue1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
baby wipes1 products


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Concern Reference
Known human immune system toxicant or allergenSCCPNFP Opinion on Fragrance Allergy
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)International Fragrance Association Codes & Standards
Restricted in cosmetics - labeling requirement for allergensCosIng


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Concern Reference
Cancer - limited Toxicity Information
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsInt'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens


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Concern Reference
Prohibited for use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - The substance was formerly approved as a food additive but is now banned; there may be some toxicology data available.FDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
8313 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • SCCPNFP (Scientific Committee On Cosmetic Products And Non-Food Products). 1999. Opinion Concerning Fragrance Allergy In Consumers. . SCCNFP/0017/98 Final, December 1999; and SCCPNFP (Scientific Committee On Cosmetic Products And Non-Food Products). 2000. An Initial List Of Perfumery Materials Which Must Not Form Part Of Fragrances Compounds Used In Cosmetic Products. SCCNFP/0320/00, final May 2000.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • IFRA (International Fragrance Association). 2006. Codes and Standards.
  • European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at .
  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site.
  • IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer