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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer307 products
conditioner297 products
lip balm181 products
lipstick170 products
beach & sport sunscreen169 products
antiperspirant/deodorant161 products
bar soap155 products
shampoo154 products
body wash/cleanser131 products
hair treatment/serum118 products
facial moisturizer/treatment116 products
exfoliant/scrub104 products
lip gloss100 products
foundation72 products
facial cleanser66 products
eye shadow58 products
bronzer/highlighter52 products
bath oil/salts/soak46 products
toothpaste45 products
body oil44 products
mask44 products
hand cream43 products
concealer41 products
liquid hand soap41 products
moisturizer with SPF34 products
lip balm with SPF34 products
hair color and bleaching32 products
baby lotion31 products
body firming lotion30 products
hair styling aide28 products
styling gel/lotion27 products
baby sunscreen25 products
eye liner20 products
diaper cream20 products
serums & essences19 products
baby soap17 products
shaving cream16 products
baby shampoo13 products
mouthwash13 products
around-eye cream12 products
blush12 products
makeup remover12 products
brow liner12 products
foot moisturizer11 products
CC cream10 products
bubble bath9 products
mascara9 products
detangler9 products
lip liner8 products
hair spray8 products
beard care8 products
anti-aging8 products
after sun product8 products
baby bubble bath7 products
BB cream7 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)7 products
sunless tanning7 products
fragrance for women6 products
hand sanitizer6 products
baby oil5 products
makeup primer5 products
tooth whitening4 products
polish remover4 products
facial powder4 products
styling mousse/foam4 products
beard oil4 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
vapor rubs3 products
foot cleansing3 products
muscle/joint soreness3 products
after shave3 products
cuticle treatment2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
body spray2 products
lip plumper2 products
makeup with SPF2 products
depilatory2 products
hair relaxer2 products
glitter2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
tanning oil2 products
baby wipes1 products
nail treatment1 products
beard cleanser1 products
toners/astringents1 products
oil controller1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
1952 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer