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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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beach & sport sunscreen310 products
moisturizer281 products
conditioner194 products
lip balm191 products
lipstick159 products
shampoo142 products
antiperspirant/deodorant140 products
bar soap135 products
facial moisturizer/treatment111 products
body wash/cleanser111 products
exfoliant/scrub95 products
lip balm with SPF95 products
hair treatment/serum91 products
lip gloss87 products
moisturizer with SPF63 products
baby sunscreen60 products
facial cleanser57 products
eye shadow55 products
bronzer/highlighter50 products
foundation46 products
bath oil/salts/soak41 products
hand cream40 products
concealer40 products
body oil40 products
toothpaste37 products
liquid hand soap28 products
baby lotion27 products
hair color and bleaching25 products
hair styling aide22 products
eye liner22 products
body firming lotion22 products
styling gel/lotion21 products
serums & essences21 products
mask20 products
shaving cream19 products
diaper cream18 products
baby soap15 products
baby shampoo15 products
fragrance for women14 products
CC cream13 products
anti-aging11 products
brow liner11 products
mouthwash11 products
lip liner10 products
makeup remover10 products
blush9 products
BB cream9 products
tanning oil9 products
around-eye cream8 products
after sun product8 products
bubble bath7 products
baby bubble bath7 products
sunless tanning7 products
foot moisturizer6 products
hair spray6 products
Tanning Sprays5 products
shaving cream (men's)5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)5 products
mascara5 products
detangler5 products
makeup primer5 products
polish remover4 products
vapor rubs4 products
beard oil4 products
facial powder4 products
baby oil4 products
hand sanitizer4 products
styling mousse/foam4 products
Facial Sun Care3 products
beard care3 products
tooth whitening2 products
baby wipes2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
lip plumper2 products
nail treatment2 products
makeup with SPF2 products
foot cleansing2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
after shave2 products
fragrance for men1 products
body spray1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
depilatory1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
toners/astringents1 products
hair relaxer1 products
glitter1 products
oil controller1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
1952 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer