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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer398 products
conditioner372 products
lip balm233 products
bar soap209 products
shampoo191 products
antiperspirant/deodorant187 products
lipstick179 products
hair treatment/serum178 products
beach & sport sunscreen165 products
body wash/cleanser150 products
exfoliant/scrub149 products
facial moisturizer/treatment129 products
lip gloss129 products
bath oil/salts/soak105 products
foundation88 products
facial cleanser82 products
hair styling aide65 products
eye shadow58 products
mask56 products
bronzer/highlighter54 products
body oil54 products
hand cream48 products
toothpaste48 products
liquid hand soap48 products
styling gel/lotion41 products
body firming lotion39 products
concealer37 products
baby lotion36 products
hair color and bleaching35 products
moisturizer with SPF34 products
lip balm with SPF34 products
diaper cream31 products
baby sunscreen25 products
beard care24 products
eye liner23 products
serums & essences21 products
shaving cream18 products
baby soap18 products
blush17 products
makeup remover16 products
brow liner16 products
baby shampoo15 products
detangler15 products
mascara14 products
mouthwash13 products
bubble bath13 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)12 products
beard oil12 products
12 products
around-eye cream12 products
foot moisturizer11 products
hair spray11 products
lip liner11 products
fragrance for women11 products
makeup primer10 products
CC cream10 products
anti-aging9 products
after sun product8 products
BB cream8 products
hand sanitizer8 products
shaving cream (men's)7 products
sunless tanning7 products
muscle/joint soreness7 products
baby bubble bath7 products
baby oil6 products
tooth whitening5 products
facial powder4 products
foot cleansing4 products
styling mousse/foam4 products
polish remover4 products
tanning oil3 products
vapor rubs3 products
after shave3 products
damaged skin treatment3 products
cuticle treatment2 products
body spray2 products
lip plumper2 products
beard cleanser2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
glitter2 products
hair relaxer2 products
makeup with SPF2 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
fragrance for men1 products
depilatory1 products
toners/astringents1 products
baby wipes1 products
oil controller1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
1952 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer