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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation287 products
facial moisturizer/treatment132 products
lipstick114 products
conditioner83 products
daily use with SPF78 products
moisturizer69 products
serums & essences65 products
recreational sunscreen57 products
eye shadow56 products
around-eye cream38 products
hair treatment/serum36 products
eye liner24 products
mask24 products
concealer22 products
makeup primer21 products
20 products
exfoliant/scrub19 products
bronzer/highlighter19 products
antiperspirant/deodorant18 products
baby sunscreen17 products
BB cream16 products
hand cream16 products
facial cleanser14 products
blush13 products
body oil11 products
hair styling aide11 products
brow liner11 products
baby lotion10 products
shampoo7 products
facial powder6 products
makeup remover6 products
lip balm6 products
body firming lotion5 products
sunless tanning5 products
after shave5 products
anti-aging4 products
hair color and bleaching4 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
after sun product2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
lip liner2 products
beard care2 products
oil controller2 products
setting powder/spray2 products
shaving cream2 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
lip gloss1 products
bar soap1 products
CC cream1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
diaper cream1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
detangler1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
tanning oil1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
any irritation - weight of evidence unknown/unassessedOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
0 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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