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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation195 products
facial moisturizer/treatment93 products
lipstick93 products
daily use with SPF71 products
conditioner57 products
serums & essences50 products
moisturizer47 products
eye shadow30 products
recreational sunscreen29 products
around-eye cream21 products
20 products
mask19 products
hair treatment/serum15 products
makeup primer15 products
hand cream13 products
antiperspirant/deodorant12 products
bronzer/highlighter12 products
baby lotion11 products
brow liner10 products
baby sunscreen9 products
hair styling aide8 products
concealer8 products
exfoliant/scrub8 products
facial cleanser7 products
body oil7 products
body firming lotion7 products
shampoo6 products
facial powder6 products
blush6 products
after shave5 products
makeup remover5 products
sunless tanning4 products
hair color and bleaching4 products
eye liner4 products
anti-aging3 products
oil controller3 products
shaving cream3 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
diaper cream2 products
beard care2 products
setting powder/spray1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
lip balm1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
CC cream1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
hair spray1 products
after sun product1 products
other eye makeup1 products
eye makeup remover1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
any irritation - weight of evidence unknown/unassessedOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
0 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer