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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (high) and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW_MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo1502 products
body wash/cleanser1316 products
liquid hand soap811 products
facial cleanser433 products
conditioner216 products
toothpaste199 products
exfoliant/scrub148 products
bubble bath141 products
baby shampoo93 products
bar soap90 products
hair color and bleaching82 products
baby soap63 products
bath oil/salts/soak51 products
mask44 products
styling mousse/foam39 products
hair treatment/serum34 products
baby bubble bath24 products
beard cleanser22 products
14 products
hair styling aide14 products
makeup remover13 products
shaving cream12 products
moisturizer11 products
tooth whitening8 products
foot cleansing8 products
sunless tanning8 products
facial moisturizer/treatment5 products
styling gel/lotion5 products
detangler5 products
shaving cream (men's)5 products
hair-loss treatment5 products
beard care4 products
anti-aging3 products
eye liner3 products
hair relaxer3 products
baby wipes3 products
hair spray3 products
baby lotion2 products
hand sanitizer2 products
setting powder/spray2 products
body firming lotion2 products
brow liner2 products
mouthwash2 products
vapor rubs2 products
makeup primer1 products
after shave1 products
after sun product1 products
baby toothpaste1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
serums & essences1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
glitter1 products
daily use with SPF1 products
recreational sunscreen1 products
oil controller1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
hand cream1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
toners/astringents1 products

Contamination concerns

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Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Violation of industry recommendations - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Unsafe in products left on skin and not rinsed offCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - anyOpen scientific literature
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of sensitization toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Unsafe in products left on skin and not rinsed offCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
73236 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that will not be immediately rinsed off due to increased risk of absorption.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer