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Data: Limited

Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Oil

Other Concerns

Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), Ecotoxicology (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)

SYNONYMS

ABSOLUE ORANGE FLOWER; ABSOLUE ORANGE FLOWER DECOLOREE; ABSOLUE ORANGE FLOWER FROM WATER; ABSOLUTE ORANGE FLOWERS; ABSOLUTE PETITGRAIN; NEROLI OIL; NEROLI OIL, POMMADE; CITRUS SINENSIS OIL; OIL SWEET, BLOOD ORANGE ESSENTIAL OIL, CITRUS ARANTIUM DULCIS OIL, CITRUS ARANTIUM DULCIS PEEL ESSENTIAL OIL, CITRUS ARANTIUM DULCIS PEEL OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM (BLOOD ORANGE) ESSENTIAL OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM (BLOOD ORANGE) OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS (ORANGE) FRUIT OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS (ORANGE) PEEL ESSENTIAL OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS (ORANGE) PEEL OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS (SWEET ORANGE) OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS FRUIT OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM ESSENTIAL OIL, CITRUS SINENSIS (SWEET ORANGE) ESSENTIAL OIL, CITRUS SINENSIS (SWEET ORANGE) OIL, CITRUS SINENSIS ESSENTIAL OIL, CITRUS SINENSIS OIL, CITRUS SINENSIS PEEL OIL EXPRESSED, CITRUS SINENSIS VALENCIA PEEL OIL EXPRESSED, OIL OF ORANGE, OILS, ORANGE, SWEET, ORANGE ESSENTIAL OIL, ORANGE FRAGRANCE OIL, ORANGE FRUIT OIL, ORANGE OIL, ORANGE OIL TERPENELESS (CITRUS SINENSIS (L.) OSBECK), ORANGE PEEL OIL, ORANGE PEEL OIL, SWEET (CITRUS SINENSIS (L.) OSBECK), SWEET (CITRUS SINENSIS (L.) OSBECK) ORANGE PEEL OIL, SWEET ORANGE ESSENTIAL OIL, and SWEET ORANGE OIL

Volatile oil expressed from the fresh peel of the orange fruit.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • HIGH
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • LOW
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

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Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as any irritantOpen scientific literature
Human any irritant - moderate evidenceOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any irritationOpen scientific literature

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Known human skin toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature
Human any toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceOpen scientific literature
Possible human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as toxic or harmful.Open scientific literature
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulOpen scientific literature

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
One or more animal studies show any effects at high dosesOpen scientific literature

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Wildlife and environmental toxicityOpen scientific literature
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Wildlife and environmental toxicityOpen scientific literature

Miscellaneous

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Occupational hazards related to handlingOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Insufficient data to determine safetyOpen scientific literature
171 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Cancer

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsOpen scientific literature

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Restricted in cosmetics - labeling requirement for allergensOpen scientific literature
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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