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Data: Limited


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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mask85 products
exfoliant/scrub46 products
facial cleanser46 products
facial moisturizer/treatment37 products
conditioner35 products
serums & essences32 products
body wash/cleanser30 products
moisturizer29 products
shampoo25 products
toners/astringents19 products
lip gloss12 products
shaving cream11 products
liquid hand soap9 products
hand cream9 products
hair treatment/serum9 products
daily use with SPF8 products
foot cleansing8 products
foot moisturizer7 products
body firming lotion7 products
BB cream6 products
hair styling aide6 products
bubble bath6 products
blush5 products
styling gel/lotion5 products
lip balm5 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
around-eye cream4 products
makeup remover4 products
makeup primer4 products
skin fading/lightener3 products
mascara3 products
bar soap3 products
beard cleanser2 products
anti-aging2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
bath oil/salts/soak2 products
hair color and bleaching2 products
baby lotion1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
after sun product1 products
1 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
after shave1 products
recreational sunscreen1 products
body oil1 products
beard care1 products
baby shampoo1 products
detangler1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
baby soap1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
hair spray1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - anyCosIng
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
195 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at .
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer