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Data: Limited


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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mask40 products
exfoliant/scrub28 products
facial cleanser26 products
facial moisturizer/treatment26 products
serums & essences25 products
conditioner19 products
body wash/cleanser18 products
shampoo17 products
moisturizer14 products
lip gloss12 products
toners/astringents11 products
moisturizer with SPF8 products
hand cream8 products
BB cream6 products
after shave5 products
liquid hand soap5 products
foot moisturizer5 products
body firming lotion5 products
shaving cream4 products
hair treatment/serum4 products
blush3 products
makeup primer3 products
lip balm3 products
anti-aging3 products
around-eye cream3 products
hair styling aide2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
makeup remover2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
detangler2 products
beard cleanser2 products
beach & sport sunscreen1 products
oil controller1 products
eye liner1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
1 products
foot odor control1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
bar soap1 products
beard care1 products
bubble bath1 products
after sun product1 products
hair spray1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - anyCosIng
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsFinal report 12/2015 available from CIR

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
195 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at .
  • Final report 12/2015 available from CIR
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer