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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate), Multiple, additive exposure sources (low), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low), and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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bath oil/salts/soak30 products
lip gloss29 products
toners/astringents26 products
antiperspirant/deodorant21 products
mask18 products
body wash/cleanser14 products
facial moisturizer/treatment12 products
toothpaste12 products
facial cleanser11 products
lipstick11 products
exfoliant/scrub9 products
moisturizer9 products
liquid hand soap6 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)6 products
serums & essences5 products
shampoo5 products
conditioner5 products
baby wipes5 products
mascara5 products
mouthwash5 products
around-eye cream4 products
hand cream4 products
body firming lotion4 products
fragrance for women3 products
makeup primer3 products
hair styling aide3 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
polish remover3 products
eye liner2 products
anti-aging2 products
recreational sunscreen2 products
baby toothpaste2 products
setting powder/spray2 products
after shave2 products
makeup remover2 products
body oil1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
daily use with SPF1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
beard care1 products
baby shampoo1 products
baby soap1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
concealer1 products
tooth whitening1 products

Contamination concerns

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Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)International Fragrance Association Codes & Standards
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature
any or allergies - weight of evidence unknown/unassessedOpen scientific literature

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
any irritation - weight of evidence unknown/unassessedOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
111 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • IFRA (International Fragrance Association). 2006. Codes and Standards.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer