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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low), Multiple, additive exposure sources (high), and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer27 products
foundation25 products
toners/astringents16 products
toothpaste16 products
facial cleanser15 products
facial moisturizer/treatment13 products
antiperspirant/deodorant12 products
lipstick12 products
beach & sport sunscreen12 products
makeup primer8 products
mask8 products
concealer8 products
exfoliant/scrub7 products
serums & essences7 products
mouthwash6 products
eye liner6 products
mascara6 products
anti-aging5 products
around-eye cream4 products
body wash/cleanser4 products
shampoo4 products
blush4 products
conditioner3 products
after shave3 products
body oil3 products
lip gloss3 products
baby soap2 products
makeup remover2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
hand cream2 products
baby shampoo2 products
hair treatment/serum2 products
hair styling aide2 products
baby lotion1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
baby toothpaste1 products
facial powder1 products
eye shadow1 products
baby wipes1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
nail treatment1 products

Contamination concerns

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Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableFDA Everything Added to Food

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsFinal report 12/2016 available from CIR

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
111 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • Final report 12/2016 available from CIR
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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