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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo1743 products
body wash/cleanser1525 products
conditioner1165 products
liquid hand soap1036 products
facial cleanser630 products
bath oil/salts/soak566 products
facial moisturizer/treatment524 products
moisturizer450 products
mask406 products
foundation333 products
hair treatment/serum327 products
serums & essences299 products
lipstick271 products
hair color and bleaching264 products
lip balm245 products
exfoliant/scrub201 products
daily use with SPF195 products
bubble bath180 products
nail polish179 products
hair styling aide178 products
makeup remover166 products
toners/astringents165 products
eye liner163 products
baby wipes145 products
baby shampoo138 products
recreational sunscreen136 products
bar soap131 products
brow liner120 products
baby soap116 products
around-eye cream115 products
hand cream93 products
concealer78 products
styling gel/lotion74 products
bronzer/highlighter74 products
toothpaste69 products
mascara65 products
sunless tanning64 products
makeup primer58 products
detangler57 products
eye shadow55 products
lip gloss53 products
baby bubble bath51 products
hand sanitizer51 products
body firming lotion50 products
baby lotion49 products
lip liner47 products
antiperspirant/deodorant46 products
shaving cream44 products
setting powder/spray43 products
mouthwash41 products
body spray37 products
blush37 products
anti-aging36 products
32 products
hair spray30 products
styling mousse/foam28 products
hair-loss treatment28 products
CC cream27 products
foot moisturizer25 products
beard cleanser23 products
baby sunscreen22 products
BB cream20 products
baby toothpaste19 products
fragrance for women18 products
beard care17 products
eye makeup remover16 products
facial powder15 products
lip balm with SPF15 products
skin fading/lightener14 products
nail treatment14 products
after sun product14 products
shaving cream (men's)12 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)12 products
tooth whitening11 products
body oil11 products
damaged skin treatment9 products
foot cleansing6 products
muscle/joint soreness6 products
after shave5 products
cuticle treatment4 products
hair relaxer4 products
oil controller3 products
lip plumper3 products
diaper cream2 products
fragrance for men2 products
other eye makeup2 products
baby oil2 products
vapor rubs2 products
tanning oil2 products
eyelash glue2 products
body powder2 products
beard oil2 products
hair removal waxes1 products
polish remover1 products
glitter1 products
foot odor control1 products
nail glue1 products
body art1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
20950 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer