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Data: Good

Citric Acid

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

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Other Concerns

Use restrictions (moderate)

SYNONYMS

● 1,2,3-PROPANETRICARBOXYLIC ACID, 2-HYDROXY-
● 1,2,3PROPANETRICARBOXYLIC ACID, 2HYDROXY
● 2-HYDROXY- 1,2,3-PROPANETRICARBOXYLIC ACID
● 2-HYDROXY-1,2,3-PROPANETRICARBOXYLIC ACID
● ANHYDROUS CITRIC ACID
● CITRIC ACID
● CITRIC ACID, ANHYDROUS
● MONOHYDRATE CITRIC ACID

Restricted

Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation


Citric acid is an alpha hydroxy acid used in personal care products to adjust the acidity or promote skin peeling and re-growth in the case of anti-aging products. Citric acid is naturally found in citric fruits and juices, providing the characteristic acidic taste.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • LOW
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • MODERATE
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo1952 products
body wash/cleanser1447 products
conditioner1318 products
liquid hand soap966 products
facial cleanser643 products
facial moisturizer/treatment617 products
bath oil/salts/soak524 products
moisturizer503 products
hair treatment/serum500 products
serums & essences425 products
mask391 products
hair styling aide263 products
foundation228 products
exfoliant/scrub223 products
hair color and bleaching186 products
toners/astringents185 products
nail polish185 products
baby wipes174 products
around-eye cream163 products
eye liner153 products
recreational sunscreen152 products
daily use with SPF147 products
baby shampoo146 products
lip balm140 products
lipstick138 products
bubble bath137 products
baby soap126 products
brow liner117 products
hand cream114 products
makeup remover110 products
bar soap97 products
toothpaste92 products
styling gel/lotion91 products
concealer87 products
sunless tanning77 products
detangler72 products
makeup primer72 products
mascara67 products
lip gloss66 products
bronzer/highlighter64 products
blush62 products
eye shadow60 products
hair spray59 products
antiperspirant/deodorant58 products
hand sanitizer54 products
baby lotion49 products
setting powder/spray49 products
styling mousse/foam46 products
anti-aging41 products
mouthwash41 products
shaving cream40 products
body spray37 products
baby bubble bath32 products
hair-loss treatment32 products
lip liner31 products
body firming lotion27 products
beard cleanser27 products
after sun product26 products
body cleansing wipes26 products
25 products
baby sunscreen22 products
fragrance for women20 products
skin fading/lightener19 products
facial cleansing wipes19 products
baby toothpaste18 products
nail treatment18 products
after shave17 products
tooth whitening15 products
foot moisturizer14 products
BB cream14 products
eye makeup remover13 products
CC cream13 products
eyelash glue13 products
beard care13 products
shaving cream (men's)11 products
body oil11 products
facial powder9 products
lip balm with SPF9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)8 products
muscle/joint soreness8 products
makeup removing wipes8 products
damaged skin treatment7 products
glitter5 products
foot cleansing4 products
lip plumper4 products
other eye makeup4 products
tanning oil4 products
oil controller3 products
nail glue3 products
diaper cream2 products
fragrance for men2 products
depilatory2 products
hair removal waxes2 products
hair relaxer2 products
vapor rubs2 products
foot odor control2 products
polish remover1 products
baby oil1 products
beard oil1 products
pore strips1 products
exfoliant/scrub - large particle1 products

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
20950 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED® mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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