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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo1032 products
body wash/cleanser826 products
conditioner709 products
liquid hand soap477 products
facial cleanser340 products
facial moisturizer/treatment310 products
bath oil/salts/soak291 products
mask253 products
lipstick241 products
moisturizer238 products
foundation203 products
serums & essences192 products
hair color and bleaching178 products
hair treatment/serum175 products
moisturizer with SPF160 products
nail polish117 products
makeup remover112 products
toners/astringents111 products
exfoliant/scrub100 products
hair styling aide97 products
baby shampoo95 products
lip balm94 products
baby wipes88 products
baby soap83 products
beach & sport sunscreen83 products
bubble bath81 products
eye liner76 products
body firming lotion74 products
around-eye cream63 products
bronzer/highlighter58 products
bar soap52 products
concealer51 products
brow liner50 products
lip liner49 products
sunless tanning48 products
hand cream47 products
makeup primer47 products
baby lotion45 products
mouthwash43 products
mascara41 products
styling gel/lotion40 products
toothpaste38 products
detangler38 products
antiperspirant/deodorant35 products
lip gloss34 products
baby bubble bath29 products
shaving cream28 products
24 products
anti-aging20 products
hair spray20 products
eye shadow19 products
hand sanitizer18 products
blush16 products
styling mousse/foam14 products
foot moisturizer14 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)14 products
setting powder/spray14 products
BB cream13 products
CC cream13 products
eye makeup remover12 products
beard care12 products
beard cleanser12 products
facial powder10 products
shaving cream (men's)9 products
fragrance for women8 products
baby sunscreen8 products
lip balm with SPF8 products
nail treatment7 products
after shave7 products
oil controller6 products
hair-loss treatment6 products
baby toothpaste5 products
tooth whitening5 products
after sun product5 products
hair relaxer5 products
body oil4 products
other eye makeup4 products
diaper cream3 products
foot cleansing3 products
body spray3 products
damaged skin treatment3 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
lip plumper2 products
vapor rubs2 products
tanning oil2 products
beard oil2 products
cuticle treatment1 products
fragrance for men1 products
depilatory1 products
baby oil1 products
eyelash glue1 products
body powder1 products
body art1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
20950 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer