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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo1574 products
body wash/cleanser1235 products
conditioner1048 products
liquid hand soap903 products
facial cleanser548 products
bath oil/salts/soak527 products
facial moisturizer/treatment466 products
moisturizer368 products
mask332 products
hair treatment/serum304 products
foundation286 products
hair color and bleaching270 products
lipstick268 products
serums & essences251 products
lip balm234 products
daily use with SPF203 products
exfoliant/scrub182 products
hair styling aide179 products
bubble bath158 products
makeup remover157 products
toners/astringents155 products
baby shampoo136 products
eye liner134 products
nail polish127 products
recreational sunscreen127 products
baby wipes112 products
body firming lotion108 products
baby soap107 products
bar soap100 products
around-eye cream100 products
hand cream87 products
brow liner81 products
bronzer/highlighter73 products
concealer72 products
sunless tanning71 products
styling gel/lotion68 products
toothpaste61 products
makeup primer61 products
detangler57 products
lip gloss55 products
antiperspirant/deodorant49 products
mouthwash48 products
hand sanitizer45 products
mascara45 products
baby lotion42 products
shaving cream41 products
eye shadow41 products
lip liner39 products
baby bubble bath37 products
body spray37 products
37 products
anti-aging35 products
hair spray33 products
setting powder/spray33 products
styling mousse/foam31 products
CC cream27 products
BB cream24 products
blush22 products
foot moisturizer21 products
baby sunscreen20 products
beard care20 products
beard cleanser18 products
eye makeup remover15 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)14 products
fragrance for women14 products
lip balm with SPF14 products
baby toothpaste13 products
hair-loss treatment13 products
tooth whitening12 products
facial powder11 products
after sun product10 products
body oil10 products
damaged skin treatment8 products
after shave7 products
foot cleansing7 products
nail treatment6 products
shaving cream (men's)6 products
skin fading/lightener5 products
muscle/joint soreness5 products
oil controller4 products
cuticle treatment4 products
hair relaxer4 products
tanning oil4 products
other eye makeup3 products
diaper cream2 products
fragrance for men2 products
lip plumper2 products
vapor rubs2 products
eyelash glue2 products
body powder2 products
beard oil2 products
polish remover1 products
glitter1 products
baby oil1 products
nail glue1 products
body art1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
20950 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer